Father of Arabella Kennedy, Caroline Kennedy, John Kennedy Jr., and Patrick Bouvier Kennedy.
Brother-in-law of Peter Lawford.
Uncle of Maria Shriver.
Believed to have been shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was later killed by Jack Ruby.
Was the first and to date only Roman Catholic US President.
Was the youngest elected US President.
Was the 35th President of the US, from 1961-63.
Attended the installation in Rome of Pope Pius XII with his parents and family.
In 1956 his wife Jacqueline Kennedy gave birth to their first child, Arabella Kennedy. She was stillborn.
Son John Kennedy Jr., born 25 November 1960 and died 16 July 1999.
His fourth child, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, died from infant respiratory-distress syndrome two days after his birth in the summer of 1963.
Was instrumental in the creation of the space program, and in just eight years (1961-69) the US sent a man to the moon.
Appointed his brother, Robert F. Kennedy, as US Attorney General. After his appointment, Congress enacted laws to prevent immediate family members from serving in the President's cabinet.
Daughter Caroline Kennedy, born 27 November 1957.
Graduated from the Choate School in Connecticut in 1935.
Was elected to the House of Representatives in 1946 and to the United States Senate in 1952.
In 1940 he wrote the best-selling book "While England Slept", about some of the decisions which led to World War II.
Suffered from Addison's disease.
He created the Peace Corps.
He graduated from Harvard in 1940.
Was named after his grandfather, John Fitzgerald, who was elected mayor of Boston, MA, in 1905.
In 1955 he wrote the book "Profiles in Courage", which won the Pulitzer Prize in Biography or Autobiography in 1957.
Served in the United States Navy during World War II.
He was the youngest man elected President, and the youngest to die.
Son of Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Kennedy.
Brother of Ted Kennedy, Jean Kennedy Smith and Eunice Kennedy Shriver.
His father never called him Jack, he always called him Johnny.
Uncle of Christopher Lawford
Pictured on a 5¢ US memorial postage stamp issued 29 May 1964 (birthday following assassination).
Pictured on the 13¢ US postage stamp in the original Prominent Americans series, issued 29 May 1967 (50th anniversary of his birth).
In 1961 he was chosen as Time Magazine's "Man of the Year".
During a stopover in Palm Beach, FL, en route to Dallas, TX, on November 17, 1963, a private screening of Tom Jones (1963) was organized for him. It was the last film he saw.
During his tenure at the White House, Kennedy, like Herbert Hoover before him, refused to accept a presidential salary.
While in office, the family Secret Service code names were: Lancer (The President); Lace (Jacqueline Kennedy); Lyric (Caroline Kennedy); Lark (John Kennedy Jr.).
Died November 22, 1963, the same day as C.S. Lewis and Aldous Huxley.
Although he was the youngest person elected president, he was not the youngest person to become president. That was Theodore Roosevelt, who became president after William McKinley was shot.
US Senator from Massachusetts from 1953-61.
His Vice President, Texas congressman Lyndon Johnson, campaigned against him for the presidential spot in 1960, and Kennedy later chose him to be his Vice President because he needed Johnson to win over southern voters. John's brother, Robert F. Kennedy, disliked Johnson intensely and the feeling was mutual.
Was a natural speed reader. He could read about 2,500 wpm (ten times the average reading speed). He would read six newspapers from front to back while he had breakfast.
In stark contrast to his own poor physical health, his younger brother Robert F. Kennedy was a very strong and physically active man who enjoyed hiking and canoeing among other outdoor sports.
His favorite film was Spartacus (1960).
His funeral took place on the same day as that of Lee Harvey Oswald and Officer J.D. Tippit, the Dallas policeman who was killed by Oswald.
His assassination inspired journalist Hunter S. Thompson to create his famous phrase, "Fear and Loathing".
He, Lee Harvey Oswald and Jack Ruby all died in Parkland Hospital in Dallas, TX.
The Lincoln Continental convertible limousine (plate: GG 300) in which he and then Texas governor John Connally and wife Nellie Connally were riding in on the day of Kennedy's assassination is on display in a museum in Dearborn, MI.
In the course of his famous 1963 speech near the Berlin Wall, Kennedy had meant to say, "Ich bin Berliner" (I am a Berliner). Since nationalities in German are not preceded by articles, Kennedy actually said, "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am one with the people of Berlin). The urban legend that it translates into "I am a jelly donut" is a myth, since the pastry is known in Germany as "pfannkuchen" (pan cake).
Was portrayed by Martin Sheen in the miniseries Kennedy (1983).
The second of only two US presidents to be entombed in Arlington National Cemetery, the first being William Howard Taft.
"Black Jack", the riderless horse that served at his funeral, also participated in the funeral ceremonies of Presidents Herbert Hoover and Lyndon Johnson and Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Coincidentally, "Black Jack" was also the nickname of Jacqueline Kennedy's father.
Brother-in-law of Lee Radziwill
He had numerous bizarre distant connections with the 16th US president, Abraham Lincoln.
Although privately he suffered from numerous illnesses and ailments, he insisted on a public image of rugged fitness and masculinity. Following his infamous debate against Richard Nixon, he spent a week in Florida tanning and working out on the beach. He was often photographed playing football with younger brother Robert F. Kennedy, working out and playing various sports with his family. In one famous photograph, he is pictured wearing a leather jacket, jeans and sunglasses, casually leaning against a wall. In reality, he was so exhausted from getting over a virus and the job, that he literally fell asleep standing up.
Was portrayed by Stephen Collins in A Woman Named Jackie (1991) and Martin Donovan in RFK (2002).
Grandson of Congressman John F. Fitzgerald.
Uncle of Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Joseph Kennedy and Congressman Patrick Kennedy.
Both he and his brother Robert F. Kennedy have been portrayed by Martin Sheen.
Was an avid reader, and at one point expressed his fondness for the James Bond novels of Ian Fleming. He said that a particular favorite was "From Russia with Love". For this reason, the producers of the Bond series made From Russia with Love (1963) the second Bond film.
Encouraged Kirk Douglas to make the anti-nuclear movie Seven Days in May (1964).
Was a Fourth-Degree member of the Knights of Columbus, belonging to both the Bunker Hill No. 62 and the Bishop Cheverus General Assembly.
Fourth US president to be assassinated (unsuccessful attempts had been made on Presidents Andrew Jackson and Harry S. Truman, and on President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt) and the seventh president to die in office.
He was a big fan of the Boston Red Sox baseball team. This was something instilled in him by his grandfather, Boston mayor John Francis Fitzgerald (aka "Honey Fitz"), who was himself a member of The Royal Rooters, a turn-of-the-century Red Sox fan club.
His sister Jean Kennedy Smith was US ambassador to Ireland from June 1993-September 1998.
His portrait appears on the US half-dollar coin.
The street Rue John-F-Kennedy in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada, is named in his honor.
When he died in 1963 he left an estate estimated at $10 million, all of which derives from trust funds established by his father, Joseph P. Kennedy.
PT 109--the boat that he commanded during World War II--was mentioned on more than one occasion on the television series, McHale's Navy (1962), Kennedy is referred to, but he is never mentioned by name. On at least one episode, however, PT 109 is seen backing out of the dock next to the one where McHale's PT boat is, although no one can be seen on it.
He is mentioned in the lyrics of the songs "Killer Queen" by Queen, "Hey Manhattan!" by Prefab Sprout and "We Didn't Start the Fire" by Billy Joel.
The Oscar-winning "High Hopes" (from A Hole in the Head (1959)) was Kennedy's official presidential campaign song.
Uncle of Anthony Radziwill and Tina Radziwill.
Considered his younger brother Robert F. Kennedy to be his top advisor and closest friend. Bobby similarly felt the same way about Jack and was "utterly devastated" by Jack's death in 1963. Friends and family said that, after his brother's death, Bobby was never the same man.
Despite their later close bond, he and brother Robert F. Kennedy were not close growing up. This was due, in part, to the eight-year age difference between them. It was not until Jack, during his third term as a Massachusetts congressman, took a seven-week trip through the Far East and parts of the Middle East, and took Bobby (who had just graduated from law school) with him that they grew closer. During the trip the duo discovered their mutual similarities and forged the deep bond that would last until Jack's death. Jack appointed Bobby his campaign manager in 1952 and in 1960 he was reportedly so close to Bobby that while he was President he would often ask "Where's Bobby?" during important meetings, and would finally relax when Bobby showed up. For his part, Bobby's devout loyalty to Jack was often ridiculed and parodied by the media. Bobby, loving to poke fun at himself, often joked, "If I find the guy who says I'm too ruthless, I'll kill him".
During his entire political career, he never once lost a single election.
Journalist Jeff Greenfield (who later became a speech writer for Robert F. Kennedy) described Jack as "the guy who looked like your cool older brother".
When he visited Ireland in late June 1963, he became the first sitting U.S. President to set foot on Irish soil.
His 1953 marriage to Jacqueline Kennedy (then Jacqueline Bouvier) was celebrated at St. Mary's Church in Newport, RI, where more than 700 guests were in attendance. The couple later went to Hammersmith Farm overlooking Narragansett Bay (Rhode Island Sound), where a reception for 900 guests was lavishly catered. Best man at the wedding was Kennedy's brother Robert F. Kennedy. Among the ushers were Ted Kennedy, George A. Smathers and Sargent Shriver. Jacqueline's matron-of-honor was sister Lee Bouvier (aka Lee Radziwill).
Only US President to predecease both his parents: (father) Joseph P. Kennedy (d. 18 November 1969); (mother) Rose Kennedy (d. 22 January 1995).
Was the first Irish-American Catholic president (several previous presidents, none of whom were Catholic, had varying degrees of Irish-born ancestors).
Was the first US President to be born in the 20th century.
After the parade through Dallas, Kennedy was scheduled to attend a Texas barbecue and then spend the night at Vice President Lyndon Johnson's ranch. Johnson had organized a whip-cracking and sheep-herding demonstration for Kennedy's entertainment.
The Kennedy assassination (Nov. 22, 1963) occurred on a Friday. The 50th anniversary of the Kennedy assassination (Nov. 22, 2013) also fell on a Friday.
His great-grandfather, Patrick Kennedy, was a very poor Irish immigrant who emigrated to America in the fall of 1848. He fell sick from cholera and died in his Boston home on November 22, 1858, exactly 105 years to the day of JFK's assassination.
His younger sister, Kathleen "Kick" Kennedy, married English politician and soldier William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, in the spring of 1944. This angered father Joseph P. Kennedy, who hated the idea of his Irish-American daughter marrying an English man.
His older sister, 'Rosemary Kennedy', was born with learning deficits and had to be placed in alternative school. This shamed their father, Joseph P. Kennedy, who wanted all of his Kennedy children to be perfect in every way. In 1941 he forced Rosemary to undergo a lobotomy that went devastatingly wrong, causing her to become mentally incapacitated for the rest of her life.
During the Cuban Missile Crisis he secretly agreed to remove US missiles from Turkey and Italy, and publicly announced that the United States would never invade Cuba again.
He refused to provide air support for the Bay of Pigs invasion, even though Dwight D. Eisenhower had provided air support for the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'etat.
He increased the number of American soldiers in South Vietnam, and tolerated an illegal coup d'état there on 1-2 November 1963.
His official height was six foot, although Kennedy himself said he was 5'11".
Has an airport named after him in New York.
Pictured on a USA nondemoninated commemorative stamp issued 20 February 2017. Price on first day of issue was 49¢. The stamp was issued in sheets of 12; the sheet's selvage featured the official White House portrait painted by Aaron Shikler.
Caused the Skybolt Crisis in December 1962 when he almost canceled the UK's nuclear deterrent, until being informed it would likely bring down Harold Macmillan's government.
Over two thousand books has been written about the events surrounding his assassination.