On the dashboard of Burt and Vicki's car is a copy of Night Shift, the Stephen King short story collection in which Children of the Corn originally appeared.

The tagline "And a child shall lead them" comes from Isaiah 11:6 in the Old Testament, which reads, "And the wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them."

When asked by a fan how the effect for the burrowing "He Who Walks Behind the Rows" was created, special effects artist Wayne Beauchamp revealed that it was accomplished thanks to a special device called the "Turtle" - a wheelbarrow bucket flipped upside-down with added wheels. The device was set in rails in a trench, attached to a pulley system connected to a tractor, and then covered in a tarp with a layer of dirt and vermiculite on top. The tractor would pull forward and the Turtle would move beneath the tarp, creating a mound of earth that traveled from one point to another. The trench ended in a sharp hill, giving the illusion that the creature beneath was diving deeper into the ground. Beauchamp added that the trench itself was dug by a local group of Boy Scouts who were interested in learning how films and special effects were made.

Though real corn was used for most of filming, polyurethane corn had to be used for the more difficult action sequences.

In the original theatrical trailer, Stephen King's name is misspelled as "Steven".

R.G. Armstrong filmed his scenes in one day.

In the original story, Isaac and Malachi's real names were William Renfrew and Craig Boardman, respectively.

The Song "Disciples of the Watch" by American Thrash Metal Band Testament was inspired by this film.

The film takes place in 1980 and on October 3, 1983.

Michael and Corey Frizzell, the nephews of legendary country music stars Lefty Frizzell & David Frizzell and sons of Country Gospel great Allen Frizzell (once married to country star Shelly West), played extras at the age of 8 and 9. Michael was also Robby Kiger's (Job) stunt double. Corey was also a stand in for Kiger.

In the original ending of the story Linda Hamilton's character Vicki was killed by the children. She joined "the blue man" on a cross and had her eyes cut out.

In the Children of the Corn short story in Stephen King's "Night Shift" Burt is killed by "he who walks behind the rows" shortly after discovering Vicky's body.