Anachronisms

The fruit thrown at Wallace as he is being led to his execution includes tomatoes. The tomato was not introduced to Europe from the Americas until the early 16th century, over 200 years after Wallace's death.

Factual errors

Wallace and Robert the Bruce never met in real life. Also, "Braveheart" is a nickname for Robert the Bruce, NOT Wallace.

Revealing mistakes

When the wives, mothers, children are trying to find their dead and wounded men, there is a shot of a girl who is obviously laughing and tries to cover her face with her hand.

Character error

William Wallace was not a mere commoner. His family had a minor nobility and he owned his own land.

Factual errors

Wallace and many other Scottish characters ride horses while dressed in kilts. Even in times and places where the kilt was actually worn (it wasn't worn anywhere in Scotland in Wallace's time, and at no time in history was it worn in Wallace's part of Scotland), men who expected to ride anywhere wore trews, not kilts, for the very good reason that it would have been an extremely painful and impractical experience; no underwear was ever worn under the kilt. Kilts were not invented until the 16th century, more than 200 years after the events in this film.

Revealing mistakes

During the last battle, two soldiers just stop fighting and laugh at what is going on.

Factual errors

In reality most of the Irish fought against Wallace.

Factual errors

The Battle of Stirling was actually the Battle of Stirling Bridge (September 11, 1297). The "spears" were far from a new idea and were not employed there. However, Wallace did divide the army, trapped the English cavalry on the bridge and the Infantry in the mud on each side. In their heavy armor, many of the English died by drowning in the mud.

Factual errors

The film depicts William Wallace as having an affair with Isabella, the wife of Edward II, and implies that he fathered her child, the future King Edward III of England. In reality, Isabella was only two years old at the time the film depicts the affair happening. She would not marry Edward until three years after Wallace's death and her son, the future king, was not born until seven years after that.

Anachronisms

After the defeat of his cavalry at the Battle of Stirling, the English commander orders his "infantry" to advance. Infantry as a word was unknown anywhere in Europe in the 13th century. The term arose in 16th-century Spain, where royal princes--or "Infantes"--were given military commands, and their men became known as "Infantería". The term the commander should have used was "Foot."

Factual errors

At the funeral of Wallace's father, the child Murron plucks a thistle, the national flower of Scotland, and gives it to the boy Wallace. This is both physically impossible (every species of thistle in the British Isles is so prickly and so tough-stemmed that you could only wrench one from its stem wearing protective gloves) and symbolically absurd (the toughness and prickliness of the thistle is its whole point as a symbol of Scottishness).

Character error

Isabella of France and her retinue are shown speaking French, while King Edward and everyone at the English court speak English. In fact, they all would have spoken the same language: French. Edward's native language was also French. English would not become the court language in England for another 100 years.

Factual errors

Primae noctis has never been used in the entire history of the British Isles.

Continuity

In one of the battles, Hamish's father's hand is chopped off by a battle axe. In later scenes we see him with both hands.

Factual errors

The film shows King Edward I (the Longshanks) dying just before Wallace was beheaded. Wallace was executed on August 23, 1305. King Edward I died on July 7, 1307, while leading another invasion of Scotland.

Anachronisms

When the Magistrate is rolling down the hill, not only can you see his blue jeans through the chain mail, but a back brace to protect him as he falls.

Anachronisms

After Morrison's wedding, the English noble arrives to claim the right of Prima Nocta. When Morrison attempts to fight, his bride calms him by whispering in his ear. While whispering, she is clearly saying, "It'll be OK". The term "OK" was not coined until the mid-19th century.

Continuity

In the first battle scene, there is no army behind the charging cavalry.

Crew or equipment visible

During the rock throwing contest, Hamish says he can crush Wallace "like a worm". When we pan back to Wallace, a man wearing a baseball hat walks into left side of screen.

Factual errors

Sir William Wallace was already a knight and a minor member of the Scottish nobility (mostly owing to his father, Sir Malcolm Wallace) even before the Battle of Stirling Bridge, which is not depicted in the film.

Anachronisms

Wallace is asked to kiss the royal ensign during his torture, but this is a rose. Edward I was a Plantagenet king who used the Fleur de Lys as their emblem. It was not until the Tudors, nearly 200 years later, that the rose was used as a royal ensign.

Factual errors

Although the closing narration talks about the Scots winning their "freedom" at the Battle of Bannockburn, the peace treaty of 1328 only lasted for a few years before the Battle of Halidon Hill where King Edward III conquered far more of Scotland than his grandfather ever had.

Factual errors

Wallace's wife, Marion Braidfute, was not killed shortly after the marriage. In fact, she bore him two sons.

Anachronisms

In the battle scenes there are obvious wrist watches and running shoes in the background.

Character error

The film's narrator, Robert the Bruce, describes himself as the 17th person successively named Robert Bruce and the 17th Earl of Bruce. In reality, Robert the Bruce was the 7th Robert Bruce and the 7th Lord of Annandale.

Incorrectly regarded as goofs

Irish whiskey was common at the beginning of the 14th century and had been around for about 200 years, so it's unlikely the Scots would have had a problem getting any. When some of the village men are about to tend to old Campbell's arrow wound with the aid of a jug of spirits, Campbell says, "It seems like a waste of good whiskey." However, the production of "uisge beatha" did not begin in Scotland until about 200 years later.

Continuity

In the battle of Stirling a Scot is shot in the foot with an arrow. He screams and we assume that he has been defeated. During the next English archer attack the same Scotsman is shot again in the same place and yells the same way as before.

Factual errors

Wallace had two brothers, only one of whom died with his father. The other fought with William.

Factual errors

The film depicts a longstanding English occupation of Scotland, implying that it existed since at least Wallace's childhood. However, the invasion began only the year before Wallace's rebellion started.

Incorrectly regarded as goofs

English in the 13th century was drastically different from modern English. The characters in the movie, however, speak modern English, which naturally includes a huge amount of vocabulary not used in Wallace's time. This is clearly an artistic decision, not a mistake. Think of it as a "translation" of what they were "really" saying.

Audio/visual unsynchronised

A man is playing the Highland Pipes at William's father's funeral, but they sound like Uillean Pipes. This was a deliberate artistic decision because "they sounded better".

Continuity

At the parlay with Wallace, Isabelle is shown wearing two different veils, a sheer tight one with a hemmed edge that covers her chin, and one thicker, looser one with a ragged edge that doesn't cover it.

Anachronisms

At the funeral of William's father, purportedly around 1280, bagpipes are played. William's uncle says they are "playing outlawed tunes on outlawed pipes." Bagpipes weren't introduced to Scotland until the early 1300s, and even then they were in a more basic form. The "banning" of the pipes wouldn't occur until 1745, more than 250 years after the movie takes place--and even then there is some dispute as to whether they were included in the ban as "instruments of war".

Anachronisms

An English soldier is referred to as "Corporal". That rank was not formalized until much later.

Revealing mistakes

During the Battle of Stirling's mooning scene, you can clearly see blood flowing from a soldier's behind before he is hit with the arrow.

Continuity

At the battle of Stirling it shows Wallace beginning the charge using a war hammer, the same one he used to spike the English cavalryman through the helmet with. The hammers were small and thin with a pickaxe head. It then cuts to the English overseeing the battle, then cuts back to Wallace charging with no sword in hand; he begins the charge and draws his Claymore. The movie cuts to another English scene again, and upon returning to Wallace charging into battle he has his sword nearly out. After another English vantage point he is brandishing the war hammer again and running from a side view. After one last English view, Wallace's Claymore is out and raised above his ahead as he and his men crash into the opposing army.

Revealing mistakes

During the Battle of Stirling, as Wallace meets up with Mornay (on horse), an English soldier in the background is run through by a spear. He acts out the injury, turns around, and continues fighting, as if nothing was wrong.

Revealing mistakes

When we first see Edinburgh, where Robert the Bruce welcomes the council of nobles, a stable boy in a red tunic is standing behind Bruce, Mornay and Craig. The scene takes place in 1296. When Wallace is captured in 1305--nine years later--we see the same boy in the same tunic, and he hasn't aged.

Factual errors

When William Wallace is seen in action during the first fight (Battle of Stirling Bridge) he is seen performing cuts and slashes that are virtually impossible to perform with his very long--and heavy--two-handed sword (called a claymore).

Factual errors

The sacking of York was invented for the movie. Wallace never got as far south as York during his invasion of northern England.

Incorrectly regarded as goofs

This is neither a biopic nor a historical documentary but is, rather, a romantic fiction inspired by true events. Many of the "real" characters and events have been deliberately re-interpreted to suit the story, as have some details of costume and custom. Despite this, both Randall Wallace (writer) and Mel Gibson (director / star) consistently touted this film as "history" and "historical fact" when it was released.

Anachronisms

Blue body paint (Woad) for battles had stopped being used around the end of the Roman era--roughly 800 years before the events of the film.

Revealing mistakes

The "thistle bloom" that young Murron gave to young William at the funeral was clearly a silk flower--no surprise then that when William produced it many years later to show Murron that it was still bright (and silky shiny) purple and green, rather than dull and crumbly.

Continuity

The body that falls from the rafters is wearing undergarments as it falls, but is naked when it is on the table.

Anachronisms

The use of clan tartans and any organized rules for kilts and patterns was a Victorian invention, much later than the time of the movie.

Crew or equipment visible

When Wallace is first pulled up during the hanging scene, the rope going to his safety harness can be seen under the back of his shirt.

Anachronisms

When Murron's throat is cut, a white Ford Transit van can be seen briefly in the distance.

Continuity

At the battle of Stirling, a few seconds before the Scots raise their spears against the attacking cavalry, we see a brief cut where the spears are already raised.

Continuity

When Wallace rides into the courtyard for execution, he is pelted with garbage by the crowd, some of it sticking to his clothes and hair. After he climbs to the execution platform, he is spotless.

Crew or equipment visible

When the English soldier interrupts the wedding, some sort of box on top of a tripod it visible on the left side, with blue tarp on it.

Revealing mistakes

When the battering ram hits the gate at the York castle the support wood for the gate falls and clearly moves the camera.

Revealing mistakes

In the battle scene where Hamish's father has his hand cut off, you can see the folded over and obviously empty sleeve of his garment lying flat underneath the false hand as it is being severed.

Continuity

When Princess Isabelle visits William Wallace in the dungeon, she orders the gaoler (jailer) to leave the room, and he pulls the door closed slightly. This is viewed with an over-the-shoulder angle from Wallace. The shot then cuts to the Princess, then back to the over-the-shoulder shot, where we see the door is open farther than where the gaoler pulled it closed.

Factual errors

At the "Battle of Stirling" (and elsewhere) the movie depicts an English army with uniform attire. English soldiers did not wear standard uniforms until the "New Model Army" of 1645.

Incorrectly regarded as goofs

As Murron tries to escape on the horse we can see the blood spatter all around her mouth prior to being struck by the staff (and knocked from the horse). In the events preceding her escape, she bit a chunk of flesh from the cheek of one of the Englishmen who was attempting to rape her. This is where the blood came from.

Factual errors

After William Wallace's knighting ceremony, one of the nobles asks him to support the Balliol clan's claim to the Scottish throne. This would be impossible, since John Balliol had already been crowned king a few years earlier with the support of Longshanks, and had abdicated the year before the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

Continuity

In the Battle of Stirling, shields behind Wallace can be seen with arrows already in them before the first wave of arrows are shot.

Revealing mistakes

At the funeral of his wife Murron, William kisses her through the burial mesh, and at that moment we see Murron blink her eye.

Revealing mistakes

When William Wallace rides into Mornay's bed chamber on the horse and jumps into the water, you can see how the horse floats, it being a fake horse. Also, the horse falls into the water upside down, which a real horse would not do. When Wallace and the horse are falling, the scene is shown in slow motion, making it easy to identify that it is the stunt double, not Mel Gibson.

Errors in geography

The landscape in the opening credits and early scenes is the Western Highlands (specifically Glen Nevis) which look utterly unlike the Western Lowlands where Wallace grew up. Wallace never visited the Western Highlands.

Continuity

At the Battle of Bannockburn none of the characters seem to have aged a day since Wallace's execution nine years earlier.

Continuity

Just before the Battle of Stirling, when Wallace rides up to intimidate the negotiating English commander, we can see the entire English army lined up behind him. In the next scene however, when we see just Wallace and the Englishman, the entire English army behind him has disappeared, except for a line of cavalrymen. This repeats itself.

Continuity

During the battle at York, Hamish's father can be seen briefly at the battering ram. In the next shot, he's beside Wallace on a hill.

Revealing mistakes

During the battle of Stirling, the men fighting behind Wallace's shoulders are clearly not fighting, but are looking at each other for the next move.

Revealing mistakes

In the battle of Stirling, when the English archers open fire, an arrow is seen to hit a Scot in the hip. However, there is a very obvious bulge of padding on his hip where the arrow impacts.

Revealing mistakes

During the battle at Falkirk, a string can be seen attached to the end of the arrow that goes into Morrison.

Continuity

When Longshanks opens the basket and lifts the head clear, he drops it back in the basket with the leather cover off. After he knocks Edward down he sits at the table and the leather cover is clearly on.

Continuity

In the scene where Murron has her throat slit, William's face is splattered with blood, then at her funeral his face is clean, but in the scene after her funeral his face is again splattered with blood.

Continuity

At the Battle of Stirling, up the point when the cavalry charges, the area at the foot of the Scottish soldiers, as well as shots deep into the Scottish army, show no evidence of the large spears. Just as the cavalry is nearly upon the Scottish army, there are suddenly lines and lines of the large spears on the ground.

Revealing mistakes

At the end of the first battle, when William Wallace is standing looking upon the field, the nobleman arrives on his horse to salute Wallace because of their victory. In the background, an Englishman and a Scot are fighting. They are obviously doing a repeated sequence where the Englishman pushes his sword across the Scot, a mortal blow, and the Scot just turns around and continues the sequence as if nothing happened.

Revealing mistakes

At Stirling when the English cavalry runs into the wooden spears, you can clearly see a horse and rider go through the spears as well as the crowd of Scots unharmed.

Factual errors

Princess Isabella did not set foot in England until 1308, therefore she could not have been in England to warn Wallace about the upcoming Battle of Falkirk.

Revealing mistakes

In the final scene, Hamish's battle axe blade can be seen flapping.

Anachronisms

After Wallace makes love to Isabelle he rides off and is then part of a group riding down a long and winding road. Far off in the distance (at the bottom of the hill) a car or van can be seen moving towards the camera.

Anachronisms

In some scenes you can notice that some characters have tooth fillings. That is not possible since the action is set to happen around 1300 A.D.

Character error

In the scene with young Wallace and Hamish hiding on the mountain as the English ride by, when the two stand up and throw rocks at the skulls, young Wallace throws the rocks with his left hand. Later when Wallace returns to the village and Hamish challenges him to the rock throwing contest, Wallace throws with his right hand.

Crew or equipment visible

In the dungeon, when the Princess visits William, a camera can be seen in the background by the door to the cell.

Anachronisms

When the rope is put around Wallace's ankles as he is being tortured, we see that there are metal eyelets on the lace-up shoes his shoes he is wearing.

Revealing mistakes

When the camera is focused on the crowd during the disemboweling scene, a female extra in the crowd glances at the camera a few times.

Anachronisms

Wallace's black, modern-day underpants can be briefly glimpsed before Murron gets her throat slit. He jumps up onto the roof of a hut while being chased, and they can be clearly seen.

Crew or equipment visible

When the horses are charging right before they jump over a little mound of earth, before they strike the long spikes of the Wallace's soldiers, you can see a car behind the horses after they jump. I have only seen this on the wide screen version of the movie.

Plot holes

The last 45 minutes of the film (from the Battle of Falkirk to the Battle of Bannockburn) take place over a period of 16 years, yet none of the characters appear to have aged at all.

Continuity

Just after the Battle of Falkirk when Wallace and the Bruce charge towards one another, the eye slots of the Bruce's helmet change shape--from when he is charging Wallace and then when he dismounts.

Audio/visual unsynchronised

When Wallace moves toward the structure to avenge the death of Murron, a guard points and says, "There". His lips are not moving when this happens.

Continuity

As Wallace approaches the fortress on horseback to avenge the death of his wife the camera shows his hand behind his head underneath his hair grasping the weapon he uses to hit the guard. As the angle changes his hand appears outside his hair and then underneath again as he pulls the weapon.

Continuity

When Stephen throws his short sword into Faudron's chest, Faudron drops his own sword. In the next shot, Faudron is seen holding his sword as he drops to the ground next to Wallace.

Continuity

The leather hiltpiece of Wallace's sword falls off in battle. It later appears fixed.

Audio/visual unsynchronised

After Stephen slays Faudron, he pulls his sword out of his chest. The sound played is metal scraping metal.

Continuity

When William Wallace rides into Mornay's bed chamber on the horse, William's hair goes from combed straight back to parted to one side and back to combed straight back again.

Crew or equipment visible

In the battle of Stirling, when the English cavalry charges and runs into the wall of spears, a wire is seen as an Englishman is thrown off his horse.

Continuity

When Wallace is about to shoot a deer his arrow is nocked in one direction, the scene cuts away, then shows the arrow nocked 180 degrees out from the previous scene.

Revealing mistakes

The flowers worn by the brides, as well as all other flowers and leaves used for decoration, are obviously silk, and many do not look like any wildflowers found in Scotland.

Continuity

In the village segment immediately following the first dialogue between Robert the Bruce and his father, Mad Stephen can be clearly seen fighting an English soldier behind Hamish. In a later scene, Stephen is introduced to Wallace and his followers as a complete stranger.

Continuity

During the execution scene, the executioner, ready to behead Wallace, raises his axe over his head with both hands. The movie cuts from him. When the movie cuts back to him, he has the axe raised over his right shoulder rather than over his head.

Revealing mistakes

Just after Wallace realizes Robert the Bruce was fighting with the English, he is lying on the ground with an arrow in his chest. The piece of shaft gets caught on his hair and it moves around freely showing that it isn't really in his chest, just maybe stuck to his shirt.

Continuity

When The Princess of Wales invites Wallace to talk for truce, her veil on her chin keeps coming off her chin and going back on again between alternative shots.

Continuity

After William is shot by an arrow at Falkirk, he breaks the arrow, leaving the shaft in his chest. When he is shown lying back onto the grass, the shaft is gone, but then it returns again in later shots.

Crew or equipment visible

When the English soldiers restrain Morrison while the lord declares Prima Noctis, in the ensuing struggle you can very plainly see a soldier's sword flopping as if it were made of rubber.

Revealing mistakes

At the Battle of Stirling, as the cavalry is charging towards the Scottish army, a white car can be seen in the background.

Factual errors

The film shows Robert the Bruce's father as being involved in Wallace's betrayal and capture, but in real life he had died the previous year.

Continuity

At the end, when the main executioner bends down, his cloak shifts and you can see he is wearing brown shoes with red rubber soles. These rubber soled shoes are worn today and had not been invented yet.

Continuity

When William comes to take Murron on a horse ride in the rain, he talks to Murron's parents. The camera cuts to Murron a couple of times, ducking under the shelter, and her hair is completely dry. But when she rushes out and jumps onto William's horse, her hair is soaked. Obviously this scene took several takes, and they didn't take the time to dry the actress's hair between each take.

Factual errors

Princess Isabella was a 13-year-old girl living in France when William Wallace was executed in 1305. She didn't marry Prince Edward until 1308, and the marriage took place in Boulogne, not London.

Factual errors

At the battle of Falkirk, the Irish soldiers fighting for Edward change sides at the last moment and go over to fight with the Scots. In reality, there were no Irish troops present at the battle. The only troublemakers amongst the English army were the contingent of Welsh bowmen who showed a reluctance to fight Wallace but this was more out of fear rather than sympathy for the Scots.

Factual errors

The voice-over at the beginning of the film tells us that Malcolm Wallace was a commoner with his own lands and constant references are made through-out the film to William being a commoner. However this is a common historical myth. Malcolm Wallace was in fact born as a minor noble and became a knight, as was William. They were poor as noble families went but were still infinitely more privileged than the commoners of the day.

Factual errors

In the opening scene of the film a caption at the bottom of the screen tells us it is Scotland 1280 AD and the voice-over tells us the King of Scotland had died without an heir etc. But Alexander III of Scotland did not die until 1286 AD.

Factual errors

The film hints that Wallace is the father of Isabella's child (and the ancestor of all future kings and queens of England) but Isabella's baby (the future Edward III) was born in 1312, seven years after Wallace's execution in 1305.

Factual errors

The reason why it is called the Battle of Stirling is because it was fought on Stirling Bridge, in mud. The English had to file down into small ranks so they could cross the bridge, while William Wallace came in with full plate armour, not kilts, and butchered them with the rest of the Scots.

Factual errors

The title of the Duke of York did not yet exist in the 13th century - it was instituted only later and was normally used only by a younger son of the King.

Anachronisms

During a charge led by William Wallace a car can be seen in the background on the left.

Continuity

Campbell's arrow wound disappears during Murron's funeral.

Revealing mistakes

MacGregor is shown standing in the background at Murron's funeral, but he doesn't arrive in Wallace's town until the next scene.

Continuity

Near the start of the film, after the funeral, the little girl gives William a flower. Then, a few seconds later, she gives it to him again.

Revealing mistakes

When Steven pulls the sword out of Faudron's chest and exits camera right, if you slow down the action you can clearly see that the sword is cut off almost to the hilt with two male nipples sticking out of the sword that were inserted into obviously two holes in a chest plate on Faudron to appear as though the sword was deeply embedded in his chest.

Continuity

During the rock throwing contest, Hamish throws the rock past Wallace over his left shoulder, but when the camera angle changes you can see Wallace turn to look at the rock over his right shoulder.

Anachronisms

After Stephen (the Irish) volunteers to fight in William Wallace's army and says that he came to the right place, he laughs. At this moment, we can see that some of his upper molar teeth have modern amalgam fillings.

Revealing mistakes

During the fight to avenge his wife's death, William throws his sword at an Englishman. As he falls down, a "Hold-Back-Wire" is seen on the ground behind him.

Continuity

The ponytail holder in Murron's hair changes color in a few scenes before she is attacked by the guards.

Continuity

The slash Wallace received on his forehead from a sword continually changes throughout the movie.

Revealing mistakes

When the magistrate slit Murron's throat with the knife he wiped it off with the tartan William had given her. Before he wipes it off though, there is no blood on the knife.

Continuity

While the English cavalry is charging the spikes, as William Wallace is shouting "Hold!", the camera cuts to a cavalry point of view, and it can be clearly seen that the spikes are up before Wallace gives the order. This happens two or three times.

Factual errors

Malcolm Wallace had three sons: John, William, and Malcolm. He was not killed in a minor scuffle with the English. He, in fact, fought for several years with the English in order to free John de Baliol from the tower of London. At the time, Baliol was the rightful heir to the Scottish crown, and that was actually William's reason for fighting the English. Robert the Bruce was the one who actually liberated Scotland.

Character error

When Longshanks announces he is re-instituting "Prima Nocta" to his advisers, Isabella looks confused, prompting him to tell her it means "first night" and entitles the local lord to sexual rights with common girls on their wedding night. Later, when Isabella first meets with William Wallace, Lord Hamilton speaks to her in Latin, illustrating that she actually does understand the language and should not have been confused earlier.

Continuity

The noble behind Robert the Bruce's facial expression, the one with the green and black tartan, is inconsistent when William is beaten and taken captive.

Continuity

After the battle at Falkirk and after being beaten before he's taken captive, Wallace is obviously bloody and cut all over his face. When he is cleaned up after each, he only has one wound; the same exact diagonal scratch from his hairline.

Continuity

When Nicolette is telling Isabelle (the Princess of Wales) about Wallace taking Murron's body to a secret place, Isabelle is sitting leaning forward. Isabelle then sighs, sits up straight and leans her head against the post that is to her right. Immediate cut back to Nicolette, and Isabelle is leaning forward again as Nicolette reaches out to hug her.

Continuity

During the battle of Stirling, you can clearly see that the stuntman (playing the English negotiating officer) that Wallace beheads after knocking him off his horse changes in different shots as he approaches on horseback.

Continuity

Just before the Battle of Falkirk, Edward is talking to Robert Bruce with a helmet on and The Bruce is on Edward's left. The camera angle changes to Edward's right side and The Bruce is on Edward's right. This happens two or three times.

Continuity

In one of the major battles, Wallace is charging down a hill with a large sword in his hand. During the charging it changes to being a small pick axe type tool. Then around the middle of the charge there is a quick shot change and almost from the same angle the pick axe has disappeared. It then changes back to a large sword, a quick change back to the pick axe, then back to the large sword.

Continuity

In the first large battle with England at Falkirk the same scenes are used when the English fire the arrows. The first time the arrows are fired, a blonde young man is hit in the foot, they then moon the English so they fire again and the same man is seen getting hit in the same foot. A man in the same battle is shot in the hip - when he grabs the wound you can see the shape of the cushioned bulb that the arrow is attached to. If you watch during all the battle scenes you can detect men who are supposed to be on opposite sides standing and talking, also you can see the choreographed moves being played out in almost slow motion - their swords aren't even striking.

Continuity

When Wallace first meets Princess Isabelle and is left alone with her in the tent, the wimple she is wearing appears to have a life of its own - first it's on her chin, then over her chin, and then under her chin.

Continuity

In a major fight scene two soldiers on opposite sides are jumping and spinning and tapping each other on the head with their swords.

Continuity

At the end when Wallace is being led to be executed, he is pelted with food. Much of it sticks to his face and hair. A few moments later when they are standing him up he is completely clean.

Continuity

In another major battle scene William Wallace is running into battle with a bloody claymore in his hand. In the next shot of him it is back in its sheath. Then in another scene he has it in his grasp again, but this time it is clean.

Continuity

At Stirling an English archer is hit by the nobles on horseback causing his helmet to fall off. He's then hit again and somehow his helmet falls off again. Then when he lands he is still wearing his helmet despite it having fallen off (twice).

Continuity

When the English spy tries to kill Wallace, and you realize the crazy Irishman is a friend, you see the spy drop his sword, as soon as he is hit by the Irishman's weapon, but as soon as he hits the ground dead, the sword is back in his hand.

Continuity

When Wallace tries to escape from the English with his wife, not knowing that she has been captured and executed, he is seen running through the woods screaming her name... As he's running he has a sword in his right hand. During the course of three or four camera shots, the sword he is holding magically disappears and reappears as different cameras shoot him. Then it reappears and he digs it into the ground as he takes off the English soldier's uniform that he stole.

Continuity

When Wallace, Hamish and Stephen burn the hut with the English soldiers inside watch for a fourth man who appears for one shot only then disappears. He also has a torch despite Stephen only lighting three.

Continuity

In the scene where the English spy is killed by the crazy Irishmen, the sword handle changes from being horizontal to vertical in consecutive shots.

Continuity

When heavy cavalry charge the Scots in the first major battle, the camera cuts to a quick shot of the Scots holding the long spears before Wallace actually gives the signal.

Continuity

When William realizes that the Bruce has been bought by the King, he gives up and lies on the ground. Earlier, he had been hit with an arrow and if you look hard you can see the arrow move when he lies down. This shows the arrow to be attached to his clothing and not actually piercing his body.

Continuity

At the very end of the movie, watch the man standing to the left of the Bruce at Banickburn. In a shot from behind, there is a man with very short and curly hair. In the very next shot, from the front this time, a different man with very long and straight hair is to Robert's left.

Continuity

When Wallace arrives at the home of Murron to invite her for a ride in the rain, the mother's head covering changes several times between shots. Sometimes it has the yellow fringe close to her face and other times it does not have the fringe at all.

Continuity

In the scene where William Wallace charges after the king's brigade after the Battle of Falkirk, and Robert the Bruce (disguised) turns and charges at him with a lance, Robert is wearing two distinctly different silver helmets before he hits Wallace and after. These two helmets are seen interchangeably in the preceding scenes also.

Continuity

Just before Wallace picks up the archer to throw him over the ledge, you can the archer has a tin looking hat around his head with part of his suit covering his head below the hat. In the shot from in front of the ledge when Wallace is throwing him off the cap has now disappeared before he has been thrown. The following shot as he is falling its a bit hard to see his cap but you see it come off.

Continuity

When Smythe and his two men watches Murron and Wallace as they walk away from each other, you can see Smythe sitting and both of his men are standing in front of him. When it cuts, both his men are standing behind him, and he is suddenly wiping his mouth.

Continuity

In the scene where the English on horseback charge the Scots, look at the lighting on the ground. One moment it appears to be sunny, and the next it is cloudy.

Continuity

During the first major battle scene, Wallace's sword has a leather looking binding around the blade at the hilt. As the battle progresses, the binding moves a third of the way down the blade and then back again.

Continuity

During the scene in which William Wallace is being executed, the camera pans the crowd and shows the ragged peasants staring in silence. An extra, who is a young woman with light hair and a dirty face and is standing near the front of the shot, stares directly at the camera for a few seconds while all the other extras look in a different direction towards the execution.

Continuity

In the prison cell scene, after Princess Isabelle enters the cell and the jailor leaves, the jailor leaves the cell door half closed. The camera moves to William again then back to Princess Isabelle and the door is now fully open.

Continuity

When Mel Gibson is disembowelled, in one shot there's no blood on his neck, but in the very next shot there is.

Continuity

In the scene where Wallace surrenders to the local magistrate, after Wallace has struck the English soldier that was holding the reigns of the horse, a second soldier attacks the horse with a spear. The spearhead is seen as the soldier starts the attack, after the cut the spearhead is gone, before it strikes the horse. The un-headed spear then hits the harness of the horse where it sticks as the horse rears, and the harness moves from the front of the horse's neck between the legs of the horse to the side, somehow passing through the raised legs of the horse.

Continuity

When Wallace throws the first archer over the wall, he comes up to him from the archer's right and picks him up, but in the following shot Wallace is on his left.

Continuity

Right before Campbell gets his hand chopped off you can see him fall over and land on a dead man. When it cuts, the way he lies beside the man has changed.

Continuity

At Sterling right after the first arrow attack by the English men, you can see Wallace getting up with his shield in front of him. We can see one arrow attached to his shield, however when it cuts he has two arrows attached to the shield.

Continuity

When Morrison bumps into an English soldier, he falls to the ground. At the same time he swings his sword from his right. When it cuts, he is on his legs swinging his sword from his left.

Continuity

After Murron's funeral, Wallace kneels before her father, who at first makes a fist, then places his hand flat on Wallace's head. His palm is down, fingers outstretched. But when it cuts to the wide shot, he's suddenly gripping Wallace's hair in his fist.

Continuity

When Wallace was first seen approaching the deer, he already had the bow and arrow ready, he would just need to draw back and shoot. But in a close up shot of Wallace, he was just taking out an arrow to get it ready.

Continuity

During a scene showing Wallace and Murron hurrying up a low slope, a funny red light, possibly from a camera, briefly flashes far back in the trees behind them. Watch really carefully to spot it.

Continuity

When the spy was trying to kill Wallace, he was seen swinging his sword forward. The shot cut to Stephen throwing his knife. When the shot cut back to the spy being hit by Stephen's knife, he was pulling back his sword to get ready for a forward swing. What? Did he miss on his first attempt and had to try again?

Continuity

In the first battle scene (the first one with Wallace and the blue paint), when Wallace is charging the English you see him grabbing for his sword. In the next scene his arms are at his side. In the scene after that, he is grabbing for his sword again.

Continuity

At Falkirk the order in which Longshanks, Robert the Bruce and the English soldier are standing changes from shot to shot. In some shots Bruce is between the soldier and Longshanks and in other shots the soldier is between Longshanks and Bruce without the actors ever moving.

Continuity

In the scene where Longshanks returns from France, confronts Prince Edward, and the soldier has left the basket with the head of the Prince of York, Edward reaches to remove the cover with his left hand, his right hand is on his hip. When the angle changes he is lifting the cover off with his right hand and his left is on his hip, when the angle cuts back, his right hand is back on his hip and his left hand is moving away from the basket.

Continuity

During the funeral for Wallace's father and brother, various people change positions. Murron starts out in front of her mother, frame left, then is in front of her father, frame right, then is back in front of her mother. Campbell and Hamish start out beside Wallace, jump to about 18 apart, then behind Wallace, then back to about 18 inches apart.

Continuity

At Stirling when the Scottish attack on horse, there is a scene where an Englishman is being sliced by a sword and is quite bloody. Then it cuts to him being run over by two horses and you can see that it is not the same man nor are there any traces of blood on him. Then it cuts to him falling to the ground and he is again quite bloody.

Continuity

Right after Wallace has been riding with Murron when MacClannough and some other men gets to Wallace's, as MacClannough says "You want to stay out of the trouble?". You can see Wallace standing with his arms to his waist. When it cuts his arms are down.

Continuity

Near the end of the battle of Stirling (the first big one), an English officer on a horse comes at Wallace. Wallace swings his sword at the feet of the horse, knocking it and the officer down. As the officer falls his sword goes from one hand to the other several times.

Continuity

When Wallace is saved by Steven, right after he meets him, watch Steven as he is about to throw the small sword. When he comes out of the brush and starts running, he gets past the two trees in front of him, then it cuts to Wallace aiming his bow at him, then it cuts back to Steven and he is back behind the trees.

Continuity

During the funeral scene for Wallace's wife we see the leader of the group of Scots that show up later in the film (after the attack on the local fort). Nobody seemed to know him but he was at the funeral with all of them...

Continuity

At the wedding scene near the beginning of the film, Wallace challenges Hamish to throw a large rock at him. He throws the rock, and in slow motion the rock is clearly on Wallace's left side; he even leans a little to his right as the rock starts to pass by on his left. But in the next angle the rock is very clearly on his right.

Continuity

Near the beginning when the boy is waiting for the men to return and he has the bucket of water, you hear the water slosh but the scrawny boy runs so effortlessly with it and you never hear it slosh again. Then when he is at the fence with his back to them, you see the bottom of the bucket is wet, but there's no water in it.

Continuity

When Hamish and Wallace are throwing stones, Hamish gets hit on the head. When he falls to the floor his head is bleeding, but in the next shot there is no blood and a very faint cut.

Continuity

In the first battle where Wallace is attacking the palisades and he is riding slowly, pretending to be unarmed and later draws a morning star/flail from behind his hair, the morning star/flail obviously isn't there until he needs it.

Continuity

When Wallace pounds an English soldier with a large mallet, in the village where his wife was killed, watch the third hit. Wallace hits the soldier in the hip and then in the back. On the third hit, the mallet comes down at least an inch or two from the soldiers head, missing. The soldier jumps as if he was hit.

Continuity

There are scenes edited out of sequence. It is just after the fight scene where Wallace and other Scots storm the fort and Wallace kills the old guy that killed his wife. Well, in that scene, Hamish's father was struck in the shoulder with an arrow, and everybody is dirty and bleeding from the fight. The very next scene we see everybody cleaned up and fine at Wallace's wife's funeral, even Hamish's father can be seen without the arrow in his shoulder. Now, the scene after that, everybody is bloody and dirty again and they are removing the arrow from Hamish's dad. The funeral was edited out of sequence.

Continuity

When Wallace is a boy and they are at the grave to bury his father and brother, the shovels of dirt shake the wrapped dummy body in the grave.

Continuity

As the horses are charging towards the Scots at Stirling, there's a shot of Hamish's father waiting to attack. Take notice of both his shield and the soldiers' behind him. There are no arrows anywhere.

Continuity

At Stirling when the English superior charges Wallace, as Wallace shouts "Bastard." you can't see any sunlight on Wallace. When it cuts the sun is shining quite well on him and on his surroundings.

Continuity

When Wallace was in the bedchamber of a noble lord, he takes out a chain with a ball at the end. The chain is wrapped twice around his fist, and the ball is dangling under his fist; however, when Wallace swings the weapon, the chain is leading outwards from the top of his fist.

Continuity

When the English and the Scots come together at the Battle of Stirling look at one of the Englishmen's swords: it is bloodied even though he has just engaged the enemy.

Continuity

In the scene where Wallace and Hamish are discussing throwing rocks while at the wedding, the shots alternate between their faces, depending on who is speaking. From one angle their hair is blowing in a breeze, from the other angle the wind is calm.

Continuity

Watch the group of English soldiers that ride out to present the King's terms at Stirling. After Wallace insults them, they turn around and begin to leave. The sounds of their horses riding off are very audible. After Wallace's talk with the three nobles, their group breaks up and begins to ride back. A panoramic shot of the field is shown and the English representatives have just started to leave.

Continuity

When Wallace is pretending to surrender after the English killed his wife, he is on a horse and he puts his hands behind his head. In all the shots from in front his hands are high on his head, in all the shots from behind his hands are low on his neck.

Continuity

At one point, when a bit player escorts Wallace's friend away, he utters his only line without a Scottish accent. Someone from southern California must be visiting Wallace's army.

Continuity

When Philip is thrown out the window by King Edward we see him flipping over in the air so that he will hit the ground on his back. But when the camera changes to the window view we see that Philip is lying on his front.

Continuity

During the execution scene when Wallace is reflecting and sees his wife in the crowd. Pay attention to the axe as it is coming down on Wallace's neck. As the axe approaches, it slows down as it gets closer. The scene is in slow motion, so look close. [According to Mel Gibson, the executioner actually placed the axe near Wallace's head and then raised the axe. The scene was shot in reverse for the movie. Doesn't make it less of a mistake, but explains it - the axe was accelerating, so in reverse it looks like it was slowing down]

Continuity

At the end of the movie the executioner bends down to bind William's feet. The scene shows the rope starting around his feet and then a second later William is yanked into the air with a complicated noose-like knot holding his lower body to the ground. How did they make that knot so fast?

Continuity

In the battle scene where they flanked their forces and and were going to use the long wooden spears on England's knights, they already had the spears out when it showed England's horses coming closer. Just look around them. It only shows for a second when it is zooming in pretty fast.

Continuity

During the scene in which Steven (the crazy Irishman) joins up with William Wallace and they converse about killing Englishmen and such, pay attention to Steven's forehead. It's very obvious that the scene was composed of multiple takes because of the way that repeatedly throughout the scene Steven's hair changes. There are a couple of locks of hair that go from being stuck across the middle of his forehead to being off to the side with the rest of his hair.

Continuity

When Wallace is at his brother and father's funeral at the start of the film, Hamish's and Murron's father are both in attendance. Let's say that this is about 20 years prior to the first battle at Stirling in 1297. 17 years later, the battle at Bannockburn takes place, yet Murron's father is fighting in it, looking not a day older than at the funeral scene which was supposedly almost 40 years prior to it. And when Hamish's father dies at Falkirk, he looks no older than at the aforementioned funeral scene. A miracle anti-ageing cream perhaps?

Continuity

In Wallace's father's burial scene, when the young girl goes to give William the thistle, the camera goes to just their hands which are supposed to be those of young children. They are however clearly the hands of an adult woman and man.

Crew or equipment visible

At the funeral of William Wallace's wife, Murron, a white van can be seen. He bends down to kiss her and as he stands back up, if you look over his left shoulder through the trees you can see the van going past. It's very quick, small, and blurred, but it's there.

Crew or equipment visible

In the execution scene at the end, right as Wallace is being quartered, you can clearly see (on widescreen) a plastic spray bottle on the upper left part of the screen, presumably filled with fake blood.

Crew or equipment visible

When Wallace throws one of the archers down from the tower, as he falls on the roof below him. Look down to the left of the screen. You should be able to see a man in a dark grey shirt standing beside a camera.

Crew or equipment visible

At Stirling right before Wallace drops his sword and picks up an axe you can see some black duct tape on his sword. A man then swings his sword at the exact position of the duct tape. This is an obvious test take where they rehearse the scene, and was not meant to end up on screen.

Crew or equipment visible

At the end of the wedding party scene, when the Scott shrugs off the English soldier who is taking his wife, you can see a spotlight covered with a blue tarp, behind his head.

Crew or equipment visible

When Wallace captures the fort of the noble who killed his wife, he pushes said noble down a hill before putting him to the post and slitting his throat. If you watch when the noble is pushed, he rolls over and the cape uncovers the back of his costume. You can see blue pants that look like jeans under his costume.

Crew or equipment visible

In the rock throwing scene, after the rock passes Wallace's head, a crew member in a blue baseball cap walks on screen to the bottom left.

Revealing mistakes

At the end, Wallace's friend is charging in slow motion, and if you look closely you will see his battle axe flopping around like it's made of rubber.

Revealing mistakes

After Wallace kills the Scottish noble in bed, he jumps out of the castle window into a river on a horse. As he is falling, you can see that the horse is a model and when they fall into the water one can see the fake horse bobbing around.

Revealing mistakes

When Wallace walks up to the man who killed Murron and faces him. Look at the man behind Wallace and the man. You can actually see a car passing behind his head in the distance.

Revealing mistakes

In the scene where Wallace takes over the town after his wife is killed, watch as one of the English archers gets thrown off the scaffold and you can see him fall into a large pad.

Revealing mistakes

When the cavalry is charging the army, in one quick shot you can see a very fake horse do a flip when it reaches the front line. It's head is way down and the legs don't move, even when it's 'running'.

Revealing mistakes

When the scarlet chevron is charging towards Wallace and his horse is struck down, watch Wallace's sword, it never comes close to hitting the horse.

Revealing mistakes

In one of the major battles the old Scot gets his arm chopped off right over the wrist. You can see his prosthetic arm falling out of position after the cut.

Revealing mistakes

When Hamish throws one of the English soldiers off his stand and he flies on to some wooden spikes, you can actually see the spikes bend as he falls between them. However when it cuts the man is suddenly impaled by one of the spikes.

Revealing mistakes

When the Scott gets shot in the buttocks during Stirling, there's a lot of blood already on his leg as soon as the arrow hits him.

Revealing mistakes

As the funeral of young William's father and brother is over, a man lifts a shovelful of dirt and empties it onto the open grave of one of the men. As he does this you can see the fake body that is wrapped up bounce pretty hard, revealing that it is not in fact a real person but something made out of lightweight material.

Revealing mistakes

When Wallace rides into the village after his wife is killed, he hits the foot soldier with the mace-like weapon. When his horse is lanced, note that the lance is actually attached to the leather girdle on the horse, so, in effect, the animal is merely being pushed over.

Revealing mistakes

In the scene when William Wallace rides into Mornay's bedchamber to kill him, Mornay's body is replaced with a dummy several frames before the weapon strikes his face. The face is already disfigured.

Revealing mistakes

William Wallace's footwear (as seen at the end of the movie) has metal eyelets. Either he was ahead of his time or wardrobe wasn't paying attention to detail.

Revealing mistakes

At the end of the battle of Stirling we see a Scotsman stab something with his sword and we can hear "Ouch.". However there is no one on the ground where he stabs. He just rams the sword into the ground. Then he does it again and we hear "Ouch.". Quite fun to watch.

Revealing mistakes

When his wife gets attacked, Wallace jumps over a roof and you can clearly see him wearing modern black briefs.

Revealing mistakes

In the scene where Princess Isabelle gives Wallace the remedy to dull his senses, she pours the liquid in his mouth and then kisses him. Then on her way out, you can see Wallace swallowing before he spits out what is supposed to be the poison.

Revealing mistakes

In the scene where Wallace comes back (right after his wife is killed), he throws two archers out of the tower. The second archer is supposedly killed on the palisade wall; but right before the camera changes, you can see the wall bending as he lands on it.

Revealing mistakes

During the first large battle between the Scots and the English, there is a clear, quick shot of an English soldier getting quite eviscerated on the right side of his body. For a fraction of a second, you can see a couple drops of blood splatter against some sort of protective glass between the camera and the soldier.

Revealing mistakes

At the funeral of William's wife, you can see that she's moving her arms when the men pick her up to lay her in the grave.

Revealing mistakes

Something very strange happens at the battle of Stirling. An arrow can be seen near William Wallace's right shoulder even before the English archers start shooting. Now where did that come from? It's there for about a second, so look closely.

Anachronisms

William Wallace goes off with King Edward II's wife who gives birth to Edward III who wasn't actually born until 7 years after William died.

Continuity

During the torture/execution scene, the day changes from sunny to overcast and back, leading also to alternating casts of shadows.

Continuity

Juxtaposition of the young Murron and her sister at Malcolm and John's funeral.

Continuity

The door to the jail cell where Wallace is held prisoner.

Continuity

Steven's hair when he joins the group.

Continuity

William's sword after he flees town to meet Murron.

Continuity

At Murron's funeral, her father's hood is on his head in one shot. In the next shot, from another angle, his hood is on his shoulder, then on his head again.

Crew or equipment visible

In one of the fight scenes, an English soldier is hit with a club and blood splatters on the camera for a brief moment

Continuity

When Wallace confronts the Magistrate, Wallace is looking up the hill at the magistrate. The next second, Wallace is shown above the Magistrate and Wallace kicks him down the hill.

Continuity

During Murron's funeral, one of the guests standing behind William Wallace is easily identified as MacGregor. In a later scene MacGregor runs up breathless at the head of a group of highlanders to join Wallace, saying, "We heard about what happened here . . . ".

Character error

Wallace uses incorrect Latin when he says "ego numquam pronunciare mendacium". His use of the infinitive form "pronunciare" makes no sense. He should have used the simple first person singular: "ego numquam pronuncio mendacium". This is a very basic mistake that someone as well-educated as Wallace should not have made.