In Hong Kong, when Cade, Joshua, Tessa, and Shane enter the elevator to run away from the rooftop, the elevator won't move and Cade says it is overloaded. But in the next scene, we could see that the maximum amount of person that the elevator could bring is 9 people. There are only 4 people and the seed (the seed is not as heavy as human because Joshua could lift it easily).
At the dig site, the find was said to have been carbon dated to 65 million years. This is not possible, because carbon dating does not work on samples this old. Also the sample was said to be metal, which can't be carbon dated regardless of age.
In China, the main characters drive from Beijing to Hong Kong in one evening. The two cities are 1,504 miles apart (Source: Bing Maps). It is literally impossible to do that in real time. It would take 22hrs to drive that distance by car (including traffic).
In the Optimus/Lockdown fight when Cade hides behind the wall and Lockdown fires a round into the bit of wall right next to Cade all of a sudden someone in a grey suit is visible behind that wall for less than a second who instantly bursts into a cloud of red mist. He wasn't there in the shot before and no trace of him whatsoever can be seen afterwards.
When the CIA is looking for Prime on the Yeager farm, a 30+ foot hole under the barn becomes available for Prime to hide in and even though the CIA team has technology to see through walls as demonstrated earlier in the movie when they capture the Autobot on the riverboat, they cannot detect Prime through a few wooden slates that are spaced enough to see through with the naked eye.
When the main characters are being chased through the cornfield by the CIA, a pursuing car hits them on the side, however in the next shot the car has disappeared and the main characters car has not lost any speed.
When Cade is running from Lockdown during the final showdown, he hides behind a crumbled wall in a wide shot, and is obviously the only person in the area. In the very next shot, another man suddenly appears next to Cade and is immediately killed when Lockdown shoots through the wall.
In Cade's fight with James Savoy, Cade gouges James's eye out with his thumb and throws him to the ground. When James stands back up, his eye is perfectly fine. For the rest of James' scenes in the film, no reference is ever made to any eye injury.
Shane says that the Romeo and Juliet law protecting his and Tessa's relationship states that they can be together as they were already together when Shane was a minor. This is only partially correct. Shane has a legitimate defense against "Sexual Assault" (Sec. 22.011) as Tessa has consented and is over the age of 17, and when they were dating when he was 17 and she was 14 there is an age difference of less than three years (provided Tessa turns 15 before Shane turns 18). However, the issue of their age difference, consent, prior relationship, and Tessa being 17 only applies to the crime of Sexual Assault.
Romeo and Juliet laws do not protect him from the crime of "Sexual Performance by a Child" (Sec. 43.25) for engaging in "sexual contact, actual or simulated sexual intercourse" with Tessa. Here the relevant age to engage in sexual conduct is 18 (she is 17), and the difference in age must be less than 2 years (there's is 3) for a legitimate defense against the crime.
All of the vehicles see in Hong Kong are left hand drive. In Hong Kong they drive on the left and so most vehicles would be right hand drive.
One dinosaur that's shown witnessing the great extinction event at the end of the Cretaceous is a Psittacosaurus. Psittacosaurus went extinct in the middle of the Cretaceous, around 40 million years before the end of the age of dinosaurs.
When Optimus is being towed to Cade's property, there is a shot of cade turning on to the road leading up to his house with the sun is setting in the backdrop. The next shot of him arriving at the house still towing Optimus it appears to be midday.
When Shane first drives and parks by the ranch fence (when the military is interrogating the Yeagers), there appears to be no one in the car.
When Galvatron and Optimus fight, Optimus and Bumblebee save the people, and then Optimus and Galvatron resume fighting. The other Autobots should join the fight, but they are not anywhere near.
In previous installments, Energon detection was supposed to be the way Transformers could be easily tracked and spotted, yet in multiple instances in this movie the technology seems to have been lost: by the squad team in the barn where Prime was being repaired, or earlier when Lockdown is obviously using infrared vision to track Ratchet.
In many scenes on Hong Kong island, characters talk about reaching "the bridge" to escape, but the main Hong Kong island is not connected to the continent by any bridge, only tunnels. The large bridge featured later in the movie connects the continent to another island (Lantau).
During the fight on the boat near the beginning of the movie, the covert ops team commander is watching the action on his monitors. Many of the monitors are green indicating they will have content added in post-production. There is no logical reason for them to be green, they would either be off, on with images, or on a standby mode. The content was never added. We see this a few times.
When Tessa gets into the white car that Optimus is laying on, she shuts the door. The camera changes a couple times. When it shows Optimus from the outside, the door is open, and when it pans back to Tessa, the door is closed again.
In the final scene in Hong Kong where Shane and Tessa are trying to free Optimus from being impaled to the wall with the tow truck, the exact shot of Tessa running to pick up the hook, you can clearly see the Willis (Sears) Tower in Chicago in the background.
When Cade first opens the door to the truck (Optimus Prime), he looks at the bullet casings that fall out and identifies them as "Mortar shells?" Mortar shells do not leave behind casings, and an intact mortar shell is not that shape, nor would it be made from brass.
Obvious stunt double for Su Yueming when she crashes the bike during the chase in Hong Kong (sneakers vs high heels).
In one of the fight scenes in Hong Kong, an Amercian-style yellow traffic light is hanging by wires. Hong Kong, being an ex British colony, used and continue to use United Kingdom-style traffic lights.
Several times the human characters fall or are thrown several feet without any injuries. During the highway chase scene where Prime fights Galvatron for the first time, Tessa rolls along the concrete highway at highway speeds but then gets up without a scratch. During this same scene, the humans are thrown in the air through fire and "caught" by metal robots without a scratch.
When Tessa is climbing along the rope, the dogs are shown climbing behind her in one shot, and then are gone in the next.
Somehow, taking a picture of a random employees badge gives Cade unrestricted access to the entire KSI building including the Top Secret labs and access to the head of the company and top scientists. There is no way that a picture of the front of a card would give swipe access to any areas as the access is coded on a strip or chip in the card and is not visible.
During the Hong Kong chase, right after Joshua Joyce says 'death is on our tail', there is a Cadillac right behind them. In the net shot, when they ride around a corner, the Cadillac has suddenly changed into an Audi.
The sun changes positions throughout the movie, especially the end scene when Shane and Tessa kiss.
During the fight/chase along the rooftops and down the side of buildings in Hong Kong an air conditioner unit is pulled off the wall and dropped on Cade. The wall was left completely blank showing that it was not a real unit as there was no window or any access through the wall for air to flow nor were there any wires or piping.
In the scene where Bumblebee does doughnuts in the KSI building, one of the villains states that the they "Don't scan collector car junk". However, there is a vintage Corvette stingray race car seen just prior to this. So obviously they do scan collector car junk.
The elevator that wouldn't descend had a max capacity of 680 kg. At the moment it had 3 males, one female & the Seed. If each male weighs 90 kg and the female 60 kg the Seed must weigh at least 350 kg, which makes it too heavy to handle as shown in the movie.
During the Autobot arrival scene in Monument Valley, a white pickup truck can be seen in the reflection of Optimus' bumper as his truck turns toward the camera.
The grey car Tessa enters never had anybody in it even though it was once moving.
The fight scenes in Hong Kong jump all over the place. In one scene a Optimus Prime is fighting simultaneously in different parts of Hong Kong Island (Causeway Bay, Central and Admiralty) and also Kowloon, on the other side of Victoria Harbour.
During the end scene, where Cade is hugging Tessa, you can tell that they are in Chigago, not Hong Kong.
During the pan shot of the autobots preparing to board Lockdown's ship, Crosshairs' mouth is clearly moving, but no words are coming out.
When Joshua and his associate Su Yueming flee from Beijing to Hong Kong, their car still carries mainland China 'Blue Plates', along with their pursuers' vehicles as they enter the city. By law, any vehicles entering Hong Kong from mainland China must also carry a pair of Hong Kong license plates with the prefixes 'FU' or 'FV' in the standard white/yellow plate scheme with their original Chinese plates. All the cars from China are carrying plates from Shenzhen, not Beijing, even though they drove to Hong Kong from Beijing.
When Lucas meets Cade at the old theater, he says he has no gas to go surfing. But then he gives his money, $150, to Cade to buy the truck.
At around 2h 31 mins when Cade helps Optimus, he hides on a brick wall alone. When Galvatron shoots at this location,there's a random guy behind him. In the next scene he's alone again.
When Cade is firing at Lockdown, he moves from a wall with the remains of a circular opening to a squared shaped piece of wall/concrete. In the next shot he is back behind the wall with the square in the distance.
At the end, Joshua is filthy with his head having dirt all over it, yet his shirt collar is blindingly white and clean.
When the Autobots storm KSI and Hound is shooting off his gun, the security guards do not all react at the same time. People start running while security guards are still standing still and facing forward.
The remains of Tyrannosaurus and Spinosaurus can be found together at the arctic dig-site. This would be impossible, since not only did they live tens of millions of years apart, Tyrannosaurus lived in North America while Spinosaurus lived in Africa.
(at around 2h 30 mins) The shadow of the action camera is visible on the truck wheel.
(at around 2h 15 mins) As the camera passes through the room that Cade, Joshua, Tessa, and Shane are hiding in just before Hound says, "I'm a fat ballerina," the window frame on the right disappears - suggesting it wasn't real but a computer generated image.
In several shots inside the KSI building, Ratchet's head in the background is an uncolored prop.
The initial scene is supposed to happen in 'the arctic' yet it appears to be a surface mining site with rock cliffs. The arctic is a layer of ice on top of an ocean. There is no rock ground to dig there.
During a fight scene in Hong Kong, the Willis Tower is visible in the background between two buildings. Next to it is what appears to be 311 S Wacker, the building next to the Willis Tower in Chicago.
From the start of the movie, Tessa is wearing jeans up to the train/wagon scene. Just when the police cars appear, she enters the spaceship wearing camo-pants and a belt up to the end of the movie.
Right before KSI's move to China, a technician can be seen in the background working on Galvatron's truck form. But Galvatron is made of "transformium" and can be turned into anything. No technicians are needed.
During the chase sequence when Optimus and Galvatron fight for the first time a road sign for South M 52, the highway in Michigan where the scene was filmed, is visible. The storyline indicates this takes place in Illinois.
It's stated early in the movie that Cade lives in Paris, Texas. In one scene the real estate lady has phone number on car with a 512 area code. 512 is the area code for Austin, 300 miles away from Paris. The Paris, Texas area code is 903.
When examining the old truck in the theater he picks up a shell casing and says, "Mortar shells?" The casings are not from mortar shells.
When a KSI scientist transforms a My Little Pony doll into a gun, the doll squeaks. My Little Pony dolls do not squeak.
When Joshua Joyce is on the motorcycle with Su Yueming, they consistently switch between driving around an Asian city and Chicago.
In previous instances of the franchise, Energon detection was supposed to be the way transformers could be easily tracked and spotted, yet in multiple instances in this movie the technology seems to have been lost: by the squad team in the barn where Prime was being repaired, or earlier when Lockdown is obviously using infrared vision to track Ratchet.
A Mercedes-Benz police van representing the Hong Kong Police SWAT (HKP-SWAT) can be seen at Victoria Harbour where the Autobots gather with the police.
The tactical unit of HKG is in fact known as the Special Duties Unit (SDU) and have always being plain navy blue with simple "POLICE" marking and use a Mercedes-Benz Unimog U5000 for armored personnel carrier, not a 814D. Due to their secretive nature, unlike other tactical units, they never carry out operations without wearing balaclavas.
The second half of the movie takes place in Hong Kong. People there drive on the left side therefore all the vehicles should have the steering wheels to the right.
Starting at 51 min in and over the course of 3 min, the clothing of all 3 primary actors changes 4 times from when they're at the souvenir shop to when they meet the other Autobots. Cade goes from a gingham shirt and hat to a plaid shirt and hat to no hat and a brown leather jacket over a long sleeved gray shirt to white tee. Tessa changes from jeans and a long sleeved white shirt to shorts and a patterned tee to jeans and a white jacket then to jeans and a white 3/4 sleeve shirt. Shane goes from a green Henley to a gray tee to a black leather jacket over the gray tee to a gray hoodie.
The Yeager farmstead is outside Paris, TX, which is in area codes 430 and 903. Yet the telephone area code on the side of the realtor's car is 512, which is mostly Austin,TX. As the two cities are about 4 hours apart with good traffic, it's highly unlikely an Austin realtor would be handling the property of someone who lives near the north Texas border.
When in the lab at KSI building, Joshua Joyce's tie knot changes.
When Cade, Shane and Bumblebee break into KSI labs, Bee hits Shane in the face (as a car) and he falls on the ground beside Bee. When Bee drives around a second later, Shane has disappeared. He reappears in the next scene.
While the Autobots are in the train yard, Drift says that Joshua Joyce is heading to Guangzhou, China. However, when Joyce is shown arriving in China, text on the screens says 'Beijing, China'.
During the Galvatron car chase, the camera crane is briefly reflected on Stinger.