His first wife, Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, and his mother, Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch Roosevelt, both died on the same day, February 14, 1884, eleven hours apart. Alice died two days after giving birth to their first child, Alice Lee Roosevelt, of a combination of child birth and kidney disease, and Mittie died due to Typhoid Fever. In his personal diary, on that day, he wrote a large X, and one sentence, "The light has gone out of my life".
Born at 3am-LMT
Twenty-sixth president of the United States of America.
Called the Father of the Teddy Bear.
Youngest President of the United States, being sworn in at age 42 years, 322 days. Second youngest was John F. Kennedy, who was sworn in at age 43 years, 236 days.
Pictured on a 3¢ US postage stamp with General George W. Goethals, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal, issued 15 August 1939.
Pictured on the 30¢ US postage stamp in the Presidential Series, issued 8 December 1938.
Pictured on a US 5¢ regular-issue postage stamp, issued 22 October 1922.
Pictured on the 6¢ US postage stamp in the Liberty series, issued 18 November 1955.
Honored on one of fifteen 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps in the "Celebrate the Century" series, issued 3 February 1998, celebrating the 1900s.
Had Christmas trees banned from the White House because of concern about the overcutting of forests.
Once delivered a one-hour speech in spite of being shot moments before by a would-be assassin.
Once kept a hyena as a pet.
Responsible for the Maxwell House coffee slogan "Good to the Last Drop."
Six children: Alice Roosevelt Longworth (1884-1980); Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (1887-1944); Kermit Roosevelt (1889-1943); Ethel Roosevelt Derby (1891-1977); Archibald Roosevelt (1894-1979); Quentin Roosevelt (1897-1918).
Ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City.
Until Donald Trump, he was the only US President to be born in New York City.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1897-1898).
Charter member of the Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum in 1955.
Governor of New York (1899-1900).
There is a picture of a young Teddy watching Abraham Lincoln's funeral cortège passing by from an upstairs window of his grandfather's house on Union Square, New York City.
Uncle of Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
His second wife, Edith, was his childhood sweetheart
Severe asthma made him a sickly infant and virtually homebound child. His parents tried all available remedies and traveled worldwide to find him a salutary climate. But it was vigorous exercise that helped turn him into a healthy, productive adult.
His association with the "teddy bear" toy dates back to a hunting trip. After no game could be found, someone captured a stray bear cub and offered Roosevelt the opportunity to shoot it. He refused, saying it was "unsportsmanlike". News of the incident spread, including a cartoon drawing of Roosevelt refusing to shoot the cub, tied with a rope. A few weeks later, a state function was held at the White House, and someone, reportedly Roosevelt's wife, had small dolls in the likeness of bears made as card holders for the place settings. The bears were taken home as souvenirs, and the "teddy bear" phenomenon had begun.
He disliked the nickname "Teddy". None of his friends and family dared to address him by it.
Had photographic memory. He could recite pages from a newspaper he had just read as if he were reading from it. He was also a speed reader and would read two to three books a day.
While serving as Vice president, he enrolled in courses at law school to alleviate his boredom. At the time, the only official duty the Vice President had was to preside over the Senate. Consequently, he claimed that the Vice Presidency was no place for a young man.
Nephew of Congressman Robert B. Roosevelt.
Fifth cousin of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Both were U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Navy (TR April 19, 1897 - May 10, 1898, and FDR March 17, 1913 - August 26, 1920), both were Governor of New York (TR January 1, 1899 - December 31, 1900, and FDR January 1, 1929 - December 31, 1932), and both were President of the United States (TR was 26th, and FDR was 32nd). Even though they admired each other greatly, they were of different political parties, TR was a Republican, and FDR was a Democrat.
He was both granduncle and fifth cousin (once removed) of Congressman James Roosevelt and Congressman Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr..
After the assassination of President William McKinley, he was sworn in as the 26th President of the United States on September 14, 1901, in Buffalo, New York, USA.
Known for his "Square Deal" program and his speeches urging honesty in business. As an admirer of his cousin Theodore, Franklin had his own deal, the New Deal.
Championed the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act (which led to the founding of the Food and Drug Administration) after reading Upton Sinclair's novel "The Jungle".
Known as the "Trust Buster" for his efforts to break up the intricate webs of monopolies and trusts set up by wealthy industrialists, which Roosevelt believed were strangling the economy, hurting workers and had no place in a free-market economy.
Roosevelt always said that his only regret, as President, was that he did not have a war to fight. But during his term he built up the largest Navy the country had ever seen, the Great White Fleet, which he sent on an around the world voyage, making the United States the modern world's first true superpower.
Only person to receive a Nobel Peace Prize and a (USA) Medal of Honor. He received the Nobel Prize during his lifetime, while the Medal of Honor was not awarded until 2001, approximately 82 years after his death.
In 1906 became the first American to win a Nobel prize. He was awarded the Peace Prize for his efforts in concluding the peace treaty that ended the Russo-Japanese war. The medal he received is on permanent display in the Roosevelt Room in the West Wing of the White House.
In 2001 he became the first US president to be awarded the Medal of Honor. He received it posthumously for his actions at San Juan Hill in Cuba, where he led the charge of the Rough Riders.
Cousin of Andre Roosevelt.
In his last will and testament, executed in 1912, he left the bulk of his estate, valued at $500,000, to his wife Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt. A further $60,000 trust fund was to be divided among his five surviving children, Alice Lee Roosevelt (Longworth), Theodore Roosevelt III, Kermit Roosevelt, Ethel Carow Roosevelt (Derby), and Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt. His sixth and youngest child, Quentin Roosevelt, died in 1918, while fighting World War I in France.
Had 6 children. His eldest child (a girl) died last, at age 96 of emphysema and pneumonia, and his youngest child (a boy) died first, fighting in World War I, age 20.
There is a photograph of President Abraham Lincoln's funeral procession passing in front of an apartment building on Broadway at 14th Street (Union Square) in Manhattan, New York City. In it, two young boys can be seen looking out the window. One is Theodore Roosevelt himself and the other is his brother, Elliot.
At the time of his first election to the New York State Assembly in 1882, he was the youngest person, up until that time, at age 23, ever elected to the New York State legislature.
Although a Republican, he was a closet supporter of Grover Cleveland, a Democrat (the 22nd and 24th President of the United States), in the Presidential Election of 1888.
Although, as a Lieutenant-Colonel, he was second-in-command to his friend, Colonel Leonard Wood, for his army unit in the invasion of Cuba in 1898, the unit was known as Roosevelt's Rough Riders.
He married his second wife, Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt, in semi-secret, at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London, England, UK, on December 2, 1886. She outlived him by more than 29 years.
After his wife Alice's death and funeral in 1884, he returned to work in the New York State legislature, in grief, and never spoke his deceased wife's name, or talked about her, for the rest of his life.
He suffered from depression for all of his adult life.
While a child, he was known as Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., but never used the "Jr." when he was an adult, mostly due to the early death of his father, Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. in 1878, age 46, when TR was 19 years old. His second child, and first son, was named Theodore Roosevelt, III, but was generally known as Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., and who also served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, like his father, and his fifth cousin (once removed), Franklin D. Roosevelt.
He was known to have a relatively high pitched voice, sometimes even squeaky. A few recordings of his voice still exist.
During his childhood, he was mostly home schooled by his parents and private tutors, before gaining entrance into Harvard College. He earned his Bachelor of Arts (then referred to as "A.B." rather than the modern "B.A.") degree, graduating Phi Beta Kappa (22nd in a class of 177) and magna cum laude from Harvard College on June 30, 1880.
When he was first nominated for Vice-President in 1900 at the Republican National Convention, he was nominated unanimously, except for one vote, his own.
The voice of Theodore Roosevelt was portrayed by Paul Giamatti in The Roosevelts: An Intimate History (2014).
Historian David McCullough described him as "A one man gas bag," and McCullogh meant it as a compliment.
Both Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt were victims of assassination attempts, in the case of TR, the assassin's bullet found its target, striking TR in he chest, but not killing him (TR continued his one hour speech before seeking medical care). In the case of FDR, the assassin missed his target of FDR, striking the Mayor of Chicago, Anton J. Cermak instead, killing him.
Was best friends with his successor, William Howard Taft.
Was a voracious reader and often tried to read a book every day before breakfast and could often fit in another two or three before bed.
Was blind in one eye from an injury sustained in a boxing match.
Consumed copious amounts of Coffee, often drinking at least a gallon a day, as a way of self-medicating his Asthma.
Had a black belt in Jujitsu.
Inducted into the International Mustache Hall of Fame in 2015 (inaugural class) in the category Politics & Leadership.
Once on a hunting trip, he lost his spectacles when a tree branch brushed the side of his face. He never found that pair again, and to be prepared, he developed a habit of always keeping a spare set of steel-framed glasses in his breast pocket. He was carrying just such a set during his attempted assassination. The glasses were destroyed, but also probably saved his life.
James Garfield, Jr., son of James A. Garfield, served as Roosevelt's Secretary of the Interior.
Depicted with naturalist John Muir on the obverse of a USA $5 commemorative gold coin, dated 2016, celebrating the centennial of the U.S. National Park Service.
Friend of author Owen Wister.
The Theodore Roosevelt Rough Rider Award is awarded by the governor of North Dakota to "recognize present or former North Dakotans who have been influenced by this state in achieving national recognition in their fields of endeavor, thereby reflecting credit and honor upon North Dakota and its citizens.".
Inducted into the National Wildlife Federation's Conservation Hall of Fame in 1964.
Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1950.
Inducted into the National Wrestling Hall of Fame in 1993 in the category "Outstanding American".
Inducted into the Ecology Hall of Fame.
Induced into the North Dakota Cowboy Hall of Fame in 1999.
Inducted into the Montana Outdoor Hall of Fame in 2014 (inaugural class).
Inducted into the New York Athletic Club Hall of Fame in 2009.
The first elevated US vice president to go on to win reelection.
Was the first of only three US Presidents who inherited the office following the death/resignation of a previous sitting president who then went on to serve a second term after being elected in their own right. The other two were Harry S Truman and Lyndon B Johnson.
He never smoked cigarettes and neither did he ever use tobacco in any form.