An interesting and gripping animated documentary co-produced by Spain , Germany and Poland , dealing with the Angolan Civil War (Portuguese: Guerra Civil Angolana) , was a civil war in Angola, beginning in 1975 and continuing, with interludes, until 2002. The 27-year war can be divided roughly into three periods of major fighting - from 1975 to 1991, 1992 to 1994 and from 1998 to 2002 - with fragile periods of peace. By the time the MPLA achieved victory in 2002, more than 500,000 people had died and over one million had been internally displaced . The war began immediately after Angola became independent from Portugal in November 1975 . Regarding a three-month-long journey that renowned Polish reporter Ryszard Kapuscinski took across Angola ravaged by a war in which the front lines shifted like a kaleidoscope from one day to the next . On the frontlines , Kapuscinski is working under immense pressure, terror and loneliness a staple of his daily routine. Based on the literary original, the audience will begin their journey with Kapuscinski in 1975 Luanda, the capital of Angola. Involving both poles from the Cold War: Communist bloc and Capitalist faction . Kapuscinski decides to journey to the front lines of the war , traveling through the conflict zone resembles a game of Russian roulette : even uttering the wrong greeting at a checkpoint can get him killed . To tell the true story of Angola , he undergoes a deep change as a human being and he is reborn as a thought-provoking writer . The conflict has a human face - the face of the fierce fighter Carlotta and comendante Farrusco , two of many acquaintances he's made during his journeys to the frontlines . To risk his life in order to be the first journalist in the world to broadcast daily reports on the course of the conflict . An internal conflict is raging within the writer - Kapuscinski is unable and unwilling to be simply a passive , objective observer of the events taking place all around him . ¨Another Day of Life¨ has documentary sequences , lending credibility enough to the world depicted in the animation and giving the spectators a chance to meet the characters 40 years after the events portrayed in the movie , as well as a really additional depth. The picture was well directed Raúl de la Fuente, Damian Nenow who also wrote and based on the book by Kapuscinsky .
The film is well based on historical events , these are as follows : The country is in the midst of decolonization efforts, launched after the success of the Carnation Revolution. Portuguese nationals are hurriedly fleeing the more glamorous districts of Luanda. The war devastated Angola's infrastructure and severely damaged public administration, the economy and religious institutions.In the final months before the declaration of independence, different factions of the Angolan liberation movement were locked in a protracted struggle that would decide who would hold power in the coming republic. The war was a power struggle between two former anti-colonial guerrilla movements, the communist People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war was used as a surrogate battleground for the Cold War by rival states such as the Soviet Union, Cuba, South Africa and the United States.The MPLA and UNITA had different roots in Angolan society and mutually incompatible leaderships, despite their shared aim of ending colonial rule. A third movement, the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), having fought the MPLA with UNITA during the war for independence, played almost no role in the Civil War. Additionally, the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC), an association of separatist militant groups, fought for the independence of the province of Cabinda from Angola.The Angolan Civil War was notable due to the combination of Angola's violent internal dynamics and the exceptional degree of foreign military and political involvement. The war is widely considered a Cold War proxy conflict, as the Soviet Union and the United States, with their respective allies, provided assistance to the opposing factions. The conflict became closely intertwined with the Second Congo War in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo and the South African Border War.Angola's three rebel movements had their roots in the anti-colonial movements of the 1950s.The MPLA was primarily an urban based movement in Luanda and its surrounding area.It was largely composed of Mbundu people. By contrast the other two major anti-colonial movements the FNLA and UNITA, were rurally based groups.The FNLA largely consisted of Bakongo people hailing from Northern Angola. UNITA, an offshoot of the FNLA, was mainly composed of Ovimbundu people from the Central highlands
MPLA : Since its formation in the 1950s, the MPLA's main social base has been among the Ambundu people and the multiracial intelligentsia of cities such as Luanda, Benguela and Huambo.During its anti-colonial struggle of 1962-74, the MPLA was supported by several African countries, as well as by the Soviet Union. Cuba became the MPLA's strongest ally, sending significant contingents of combat and support personnel to Angola. This support, as well as that of several other countries of the Eastern Bloc, was maintained during the Civil War. Communist Yugoslavia provided financial military support for the MPLA, including $14 million in 1977, as well as Yugoslav security personnel in the country and diplomatic training for Angolans in Belgrade. The United States Ambassador to Yugoslavia wrote of the Yugoslav relationship with the MPLA, and remarked, "Tito clearly enjoys his role as patriarch of guerrilla liberation struggle." Agostinho Neto, MPLA's leader during the civil war, declared in 1977 that Yugoslav aid was constant and firm, and described the help as extraordinary. According to a November 1978 special communique, Portuguese troops were among the 20,000 MPLA troops that participated in a major offensive in central and southern Angola
UNITA's main social basis were the Ovimbundu of central Angola, who constituted about one third of the country's population, but the organization also had roots among several less numerous peoples of eastern Angola. UNITA was founded in 1966 by Jonas Savimbi, who until then had been a prominent leader of the FNLA. During the anti-colonial war, UNITA received some support from the People's Republic of China. With the onset of the civil war, the United States decided to support UNITA and considerably augmented their aid to UNITA in the decades that followed. However, in the latter period, UNITA's main ally was the apartheid regime of South Africa
7 out of 10 found this helpful