To gather costumes for 20,000 extras, the costume designer took out advertisements seeking clothes. As economic conditions were poor in Poland, many people were eager to sell clothing they still owned from the 1930s and 1940s.

When survivor Mila Pfefferberg was introduced to Ralph Fiennes on the set, she began shaking uncontrollably, as he reminded her too much of the real Amon Goeth.

Steven Spielberg initially intended to make the film in Polish and German with English subtitles, but rethought the idea because he felt he wouldn't be able to accurately assess performances in unfamiliar languages.

When Steven Spielberg first showed John Williams a cut of this movie, Williams was so moved he had to take a walk outside for several minutes to collect himself. Upon his return, he told Spielberg he deserved a better composer. Spielberg replied, "I know, but they're all dead."

At his insistence (citing that it would be "blood money"), all royalties and residuals from this movie that would normally have gone to Steven Spielberg instead are given to the Shoah Foundation, which records and preserves written and videotaped testimonies from survivors of genocide worldwide, including the Holocaust.

The original missing list of Schindler's Jews was found in a suitcase together with his written legacy hidden in the attic of Schindler's flat in Hildesheim in 1999. Oskar Schindler stayed there during the last few months before his death in 1974.

Steven Spielberg was able to get permission to film inside Auschwitz, but chose not to, out of respect for the victims, so the scenes of the death camp were filmed outside the gates on a set constructed in a mirror image of the real location on the other side.

The shots featuring a red-coat-girl came from a story that Audrey Hepburn told Steven Spielberg while they were filming her final movie Always (1989). She told him of an incident during World War II where she saw a little girl with the same attire while the other people were loaded onto trains. That moment was forever etched in her memory, and it struck Spielberg when he made this film. Due to the amount of violence and horror depicted, Spielberg made Oliwia Dabrowska, the red-coat-girl, and her parents to promise him not to watch the film until she reaches eighteen (in 2007). True to what he said, she was horrified of the result when she violated the promise at the age of eleven.

Ralph Fiennes put on twenty-eight pounds (thirteen kilograms) by drinking Guinness for his role of Amon Goeth. Steven Spielberg cast him because of his "evil sexuality".

The person who places the flower on top of the stones in the real Oskar Schindler tomb during the closing credits is Liam Neeson, and not Steven Spielberg, as some people think.

Steven Spielberg offered the job of director to Roman Polanski. Polanski turned it down because the subject was too personal. He had lived in the Krakow ghetto until the age of eight, when he escaped on the day of the liquidation. His mother later died at the Auschwitz concentration camp. After learning this, Spielberg immediately and repeatedly apologized for bringing up such a traumatic memory. However, Polanski would later direct his own movie about the Holocaust which contained many autobiographical elements, The Pianist (2002).

Harrison Ford was the first choice for the title role, but declined, saying that some people would not be able to look past his Indiana Jones persona to see the importance of the film.

In reality, it was not Itzhak Stern who helped Oskar Schindler put the list together, but Marcel Goldberg. Many survivors who speak of Goldberg do so with disdain, as he was unscrupulous in deciding who ended up on the list, reportedly accepting bribes from some survivors, taking names off the list to add theirs instead. Secretary Mimi Reinhardt typed up the list, but she is not portrayed in the film.

Steven Spielberg refuses to autograph any materials related to this film.

During production, the atmosphere was so grim and depressing that Steven Spielberg asked his friend Robin Williams if he could tell some jokes and do comedy sketches while Spielberg would watch episodes of Seinfeld (1989). Some of Williams' sketches, while played through the speaker phone to the cast and crew, ended up being part of dialogue material for his character in Aladdin (1992), the Genie.

The ending of real-life survivors visiting Oskar Schindler's grave was not in the script. Steven Spielberg had the idea in the middle of filming, Locating the survivors and arranging the gathering on short notice was a challenge.

In the epilogue, all actors accompany the original Schindlerjuden they portray in the movie in pairs.

When the film was to be shown in the Philippines, the censors decided to cut out certain scenes of nudity and violence. When Steven Spielberg learned of this, he wanted to pull the film out unless it was shown as it is. So Philippine President Fidel Ramos intervened and overruled the censors, and the film was shown without any cuts. There was a similar situation in Malaysia, but with no intervention. Hence, the film was banned.

Steven Spielberg actively pursued the project when he noticed the increasing antisemitism and Neo-Nazism in the 1990s, basically the same sentiments that had led to the Holocaust in the first place. He was also horrified that Holocaust deniers were being taken increasingly seriously in the media. His resolve to make the film was further strengthened when studio executives asked him why he didn't simply make a donation of some sort, rather than wasting everyone's time and money on a depressing film.

There is a Jewish tradition that when one visits a grave, one leaves a small stone on the marker as a sign of respect. This explains the epilogue where the cast and the Schindlerjuden cover Oskar Schindler's grave with stones.

Though Oskar Schindler did in fact have a Jewish accountant named Itzhak Stern, his role was expanded in the movie, where he served as a composite of several accountants Schindler had working for him.

Months before he landed the title role, Liam Neeson had auditioned for Schindler but, assuming that he'd never get the part, accepted instead an offer to play opposite wife-to-be Natasha Richardson in a Broadway revival of Eugene O'Neill's "Anna Christie" at New York's Criterion Center in 1993. After a performance one evening, Neeson was in his dressing room when a knock on the the door announced the arrival of Steven Spielberg, wife Kate Capshaw and her mother. After Spielberg had introduced his wife and mother-in-law, Neeson hugged the older woman in a manner that stuck with Capshaw, who later commented to husband Steven, "That's just what Oskar Schindler would have done". Neeson received a call a week later from Spielberg, with the offer of the lead role.

When Steven Spielberg returned to Cal State Long Beach to earn his BA thirty-four years after dropping out, his film professor accepted this movie in place of the short student film normally required to pass the class. This movie had already won Spielberg Golden Globes and Oscars for Best Director and Best Picture.

According to the art directors, no green paint or clothing was used on the set because the color would not show up well on black and white film. Special attention was paid to how much lighting or paint was used, in order to appear correctly on film, regardless of how unrealistic it seemed in real life.

Violinist Itzhak Perlman performs John Williams' haunting score on the soundtrack. Perlman is on record as saying that his contribution to the film is one of his proudest moments in an illustrious career.

Production designer Allan Starski's replica of the forced labor camp at Plaszow was one of the largest sets ever built in Poland. The set was constructed from the plans of the original camp. The production built thirty-four barracks and seven watchtowers, and also re-created the road into the camp that was paved with Jewish tombstones.

The most expensive black-and-white film to date. The previous record was held for over thirty years by another film set during World War II, The Longest Day (1962).

Steven Spielberg waited ten years to make the film, because he felt he wasn't ready to tackle the Holocaust in 1983 at the age of thirty-seven.

As a producer, Steven Spielberg shopped directing duties on this film to numerous colleagues, because he was afraid he couldn't do the story justice. He was turned down by Martin Scorsese (who was interested, but ultimately felt it was a subject that should be done by a Jewish director. He agreed to hand the project to Spielberg, who was working on Cape Fear (1991), which Scorsese took over), Roman Polanski (who didn't feel he was yet ready to tackle the Holocaust after surviving it in childhood), and Billy Wilder (who wanted to make this as his last film). Apparently, it was Wilder who convinced Spielberg to direct it.

During the scene in which the last of the Krakow Jews are taken from their homes to be relocated to the ghetto, one man stops to remove something from the door post of his residence. What he removes is a Mezuzah, a case containing a passage from the Torah (Deuteronomy 6:4-9), which Jews traditionally affix to the door frames of their houses as a constant reminder of God's presence.

Steven Spielberg watched episodes of Seinfeld (1989) every night after work to lighten his mood.

During filming, Sir Ben Kingsley (Itzhak Stern) kept a picture of Anne Frank, the young girl who died in a concentration camp and whose personal diary was published after the Holocaust, in his coat pocket. Some years later, Kingsley played Otto Frank, Anne's father, in Anne Frank: The Whole Story (2001). Other sources say that both Steven Spielberg and Kingsley simultaneously wrote down the word that described Stern's part in the story; Kingsley wrote 'witness', while Spielberg wrote 'conscience'. Kingsley reportedly kept both pieces of paper with him during the shoot to constantly remind him of his dual role in the film.

After filming this movie, Liam Neeson (Schindler) and Ralph Fiennes (Göth) became very good friends.

As Schindler is given a tour of the camp, he passes a boy in prisoner's clothing with his hands raised over his head and a sign hanging over him. It reads "jestem zlodziejem ziemniaków", "I am a potato thief."

Steven Spielberg has admitted on several occasions that the making of this film was emotionally draining due to the heavy subject matter. He said that virtually no day went by without him tearing up and crying at a certain point.

About forty percent of the film was shot using a hand-held camera.

Steven Spielberg opted to make Jurassic Park (1993) before this film in terms of his projects for 1993. It was even written into his contract, because had he made this film first, he would have been too drained to film Jurassic Park.

The first published account of Oskar Schindler's story was an article by Kurt R. Grossman, "The Humanitarian Who Cheated Adolf Hitler", which appeared in the September 1959 issue of Coronet Magazine.

The film's tagline "Whoever saves one life saves the world entire" is a quotation from the Talmud.

A direct copy of the real list, which was amongst other things in Thomas Keneally collection, was found by the staff of the National Library in New South Wales, Australia. The thirteen-page list, after the restoration, is displayed in the library's museum.

The story features a character called Poldek Pfefferberg. Later, a Leopold Pfefferberg places a stone on Schindler's grave. Finally, a Leopold Page is credited as a consultant on the film. Despite the different names, these all refer to the same person. Poldek Pfefferberg changed his name to Leopold Page after the war, when he moved to the United States.

In October 1980, author Thomas Keneally was on his way back to Australia after a book signing when he stopped en route to the airport to buy a new briefcase in a Beverly Hills luggage shop owned by Leopold Pfefferberg, who had been one of the 1,200 saved by Oskar Schindler. In the fifty minutes Keneally spent waiting for his credit card payment to clear, Pfefferberg persuaded him to go to the back room where the shopkeeper kept two cabinets filled with documents he had collected. Pfefferberg, who had told his story to every writer and producer who ever came into his store, eventually wore down Keneally's reluctance, and the writer chose to make the story into his next book.

The film was banned in several Muslim-majority nations, including Malaysia, Indonesia, and Egypt. The general excuse was that it was "unfair" towards Germans (meaning Nazis) and overly sympathetic to Jews. Neo-Nazis in Western countries, including the U.S. and Canada, campaigned for the film to be banned there, but were ignored.

During the nighttime raid on the Krakow ghetto by the S.S., two officers see a man playing a piano and wonder if the music is Johann Sebastian Bach or Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The piece is actually Bach's "English Suite No.2 in A Minor", despite the one officer's conclusion that it was Mozart.

At Steven Spielberg's request, Aaron Sorkin did an uncredited touch up and "dialogue wash" on the verbose script.

Embeth Davidtz deliberately chose not to meet Helen Hirsch, the character she was playing in the film, until after shooting had been completed.

Several actresses broke down when filming the shower scene, including one who was born in a concentration camp.

Thomas Keneally (the author of the book "Schindler's Ark") has claimed in an interview that he was personally shown a six-hour-plus "rough cut" of the film by Steven Spielberg that he found far better than the final theatrical version. As of 2016, this rough-cut version has never been released in any authorized format.

In 1962, on his birthday, Oskar Schindler planted a tree on the Avenue of the Righteous Among the Nations in Jerusalem.

This film and E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) are the two films for which Steven Spielberg would best like to be remembered.

The Amblin Entertainment logo, showing the bike flying past the moon from E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), a regular sight at the end of almost every Steven Spielberg film, was not shown in this film. The final credit simply reads, "From Amblin Entertainment."

Dustin Hoffman stated in a 1994 interview with Larry King, that he had spoken to Steven Spielberg about playing Itzhak Stern, but their communications became confused, and Spielberg mistakenly believed that Hoffman turned down the role.

In a memorable scene when Poldek Pfefferberg (Jonathan Sagall) runs into a German patrol during the Ghetto clearing, he is forced to improvise and snaps to attention and salutes the Germans with two fingers to his forehead (he explains that he was ordered to clear the road of rubble so the troops could run without hindrance). This two-finger salute is actually the correct way of saluting in the Polish military, though the Germans were obviously not impressed by it.

When Schindler berates Itzhak Stern for sending too many forced-labor camp workers to his factory, Stern reminds him about Amon Göth shooting twenty-five men from Bejski's camp. The Bejski that Stern refers to is Moshe Bejski, who eventually became Oskar Schindler's document forger, and later an Israeli Supreme Court Judge from 1979 to 1991. He is mentioned in the book. In the list, he is #531 on the men's list, and his occupation was a draftsman.

Ranked #3 on the American Film Institute's 100 Most Inspiring Movies of All Time (2006).

The Thomas Keneally novel on which the film is based was titled "Schindler's Ark".

The only film released in the last quarter century to make it onto the American Film Institute's top ten list of best American movies of all time.

Steven Spielberg cast Ralph Fiennes as Amon Göth after he'd been moved by Fiennes' performance as T.E. Lawrence in A Dangerous Man (1992). Spielberg has been a lifelong fan of Sir David Lean's Lawrence of Arabia (1962).

The film finally netted Steven Spielberg the Oscar for Best Director, something that had eluded him in the past.

Bruno Ganz was sought to play the role of Oskar Schindler, but turned it down. Ganz appeared in another critically-acclaimed World War II movie, Downfall (2004), in which he played Adolf Hitler.

Kevin Costner expressed an interest in playing Oskar Schindler, and he even contacted Steven Spielberg personally and said he would play the part for free, but Spielberg preferred to cast the relatively unknown Liam Neeson, so the actor's star quality would not overpower the character.

Due to the increased interest in Kraków created by the film, the city bought Oskar Schindler's Enamel Factory in 2007 to create a permanent exhibition about the German occupation of the city from 1939 to 1945. The museum opened in June 2010.

In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked this as the #8 Greatest Movie of All Time, and Steven Spielberg's greatest film.

Hitler's name is mentioned only twice. Once in a "Heil Hitler" salute, and the second time is also "Heil Hitler", as Amon Goeth's and the film's final words. (This could be a conscious decision by Steven Spielberg, since he wanted to make a movie about the daily suffering of civilians, rather than focusing on the war and Nazis on a grander scale, as many other war movies do.)

Sid Sheinberg brought "Schindler's Ark" to Steven Spielberg's attention when the novel was published in 1982 and purchased the rights, hoping that Spielberg would someday direct it. The movie's enormous success finally came at around the same time that Sheinberg was leaving MCA/Universal.

When Steven Spielberg was dividing time between this film and Jurassic Park (1993), he was in contact with special effects company Industrial Light & Magic four times a week via satellite. He described the extra workload as "a bipolar experience, with every ounce of intuition on 'Schindler's List' and every ounce of craft on 'Jurassic Park'." He rented two satellite channels through a Polish television station (for $1.5 million a week), keeping them open at all times. He downloaded from Hollywood, each day, the visuals on one, and the sound through the other. He then spent his evenings and weekends working on them with video equipment.

Neeson felt Schindler enjoyed outsmarting the Nazis, who regarded him as a bit of a buffoon. "They don't quite take him seriously, and he used that to full effect." To help him prepare for the role, Spielberg showed Neeson film clips of Time Warner CEO Steve Ross, who had a charisma that Spielberg compared to Schindler's. He also located a tape of Schindler speaking, which Neeson studied to learn the correct intonations and pitch.

In 1994, John Williams conducted the scores for this film and Jurassic Park (1993) in concert. He took a break from film scoring assignments while doing so.

Steven Spielberg gave Liam Neeson home movies of his mentor Steve Ross, the late chairman of Time Warner, to help him develop his portrayal of Schindler.

Without adjusting for inflation, this is the highest-grossing black-and-white film of all time (taking in $96 million domestically and $321 million worldwide).

After the book's author Thomas Keneally wrote a miniseries-length script, Kurt Luedtke was hired by Steven Spielberg to write the screenplay, but he gave up after four years' work, reportedly because he was unable to come up with a believable reason for Schindler's conversion from opportunist to sympathizer. Steven Zaillian, who had already written a script when Martin Scorsese was still directing, was called back. Together with Spielberg, he conceived the scene where Schindler witnesses the ghetto liquidation, with the focus on the red-coated girl.

Contrary to popular belief, this was not the first film Steven Spielberg directed that received an R-rating by the Motion Picture Association of America. That credit goes to his short film Amblin' (1968).

In 2018, Steven Spielberg denied the rumor that Mel Gibson had expressed interest in portraying Schindler.

After finishing Hook (1991), Steven Spielberg opted to make this film next. Universal Pictures Chairman Sid Sheinberg greenlit the film, on the condition that Spielberg make Jurassic Park (1993) first.

Controversy arose in Germany for the film's television premiere on ProSieben. Protests among the Jewish community ensued when the station intended to televise it with two commercial breaks of 3-4 minutes each. Ignatz Bubis, head of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, said: "It is problematic to interrupt such a movie by commercials". Jerzy Kanal, chairman of the Jewish Community of Berlin, added "It is obvious that the film could have a greater impact [on society] when broadcast unimpeded by commercials. The station has to do everything possible to broadcast the film without interruption." As a compromise, the broadcast included one break consisting of a short news update framed with commercials.

The line "God forbid you ever get a taste for Jewish skirt. There is no future in it." was spoken by Scherner, but in the original script was supposed to be spoken by Göth. This is why in the next scene where Göth says "When I said they didn't have a future, I didn't mean tomorrow." doesn't really make any sense, since he didn't say the line.

According to Liam Neeson's account on Inside the Actors Studio: Liam Neeson (2012), this film was the first Steven Spielberg feature film not to be storyboarded.

Saul Bass was asked to design the poster for this film. Eventually, his version consisting of an image of barb wire spiking paper containing the names of the people Schindler saved, was refused.

The film, as shown in most countries, had the song "Yerushalayim Shel Zahav", Jerusalem of Gold, at the end. When it was shown in Israel, audiences laughed at this, as this song was written before the 1967 war as a pop song. The producers then re-dubbed the song "Eli Eli", which was written by Hannah Senesh during World War II, over the end. However, some criticized this decision as a misinterpretation of the scene, since the song serves as a lead-in to a scene that takes place in modern-day Israel (long after the release of "Yerushalayim Shel Zahav") not during the Holocaust.

Steven Spielberg, as director, has made ten films either about or relating to World War II. (in chronological order): Fighter Squad (1961), Escape to Nowhere (1961), 1941 (1979), Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Empire of the Sun (1987), Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), a remake of the World War II movie A Guy Named Joe (1943) titled, Always (1989), Schindler's List (1993), and Saving Private Ryan (1998).

Helen Hirsch is based on Helen Jonas (nee Sternlicht), whose story is shown in the documentary Inheritance (2006).

Filming began on March 1, 1993 and completed on May 12, 1993 after 72 days of filming instead of 75 days.

Tim Roth was considered for the role of Amon Göth.

Fiennes put on 28 pounds (13 kg) to play the role. He watched historic newsreels and talked to Holocaust survivors who knew Göth. In portraying him, Fiennes said "I got close to his pain. Inside him is a fractured, miserable human being. I feel split about him, sorry for him. He's like some dirty, battered doll I was given and that I came to feel peculiarly attached to."

The cufflinks Schindler is seen putting on in the opening scene have the logo of the Seabourn cruise line on them. Steven Spielberg was given them as a gift by his cousin, who had taken a Seabourn cruise.

Steven Spielberg commented that he felt more like a reporter than a filmmaker - he would set up scenes and then watch events unfold, almost as though he were witnessing them rather than creating a movie.

Spielberg, his wife Kate Capshaw, and their five children rented a house in suburban Kraków for the duration of filming. He later thanked his wife "for rescuing me ninety-two days in a row ... when things just got too unbearable".

According to scriptwriter Frederic Raphael, when he suggested to Kubrick that Schindler's List was a good representation of the Holocaust, Kubrick commented, "Think that's about the Holocaust? That was about success, wasn't it? The Holocaust is about 6 million people who get killed. Schindler's List is about 600 who don't."

The opening scene features a family observing Shabbat. Steven Spielberg said that "to start the film with the candles being lit ... would be a rich bookend, to start the film with a normal Shabbat service before the juggernaut against the Jews begins."

The real Oskar Schindler was said to resemble George Sanders and Curd Jürgens.

Ralph Fiennes' character (Amon Göth) doesn't appear until nearly fifty-two minutes into the film.

The first film to win Best Picture at the Academy Awards, Producers Guild of America Awards, and BAFTA Awards, as well as Best Picture - Drama at the Golden Globe Awards.

Sidney Lumet was approached to direct, but felt that he had already covered the subject of the Holocaust with The Pawnbroker (1964).

The success of Schindler's List led filmmaker Stanley Kubrick to abandon his own Holocaust project, Aryan Papers, which would have been about a Jewish boy and his aunt who survive the war by sneaking through Poland while pretending to be Catholic.

The song being played when Schindler enters the nightclub and meets all of the Nazi officials is called "Por Una Cabeza". The same song is played as the tango in True Lies (1994) and Scent of a Woman (1992).

After one of Schindler's workers is killed by the S.S., mention is made of the "S.S. Office of Budget and Construction" which was an agency set up in the late 1930s to coordinate construction (and later slave labor) projects in occupied territories. This office was merged with several others in 1941 to become the extremely powerful "S.S. Main Office of Economics and Administration", known as the W.V.H.A., which ran all slave labor and concentration camps throughout Nazi Germany. Department W of the W.V.H.A. (which Schindler mentions at the end of the film) was in charge of labor projects and frequently came into conflict with Department D (Concentration Camps) whose S.S. personnel were often the ones who arbitrarily killed workers.

In a television interview with Larry King on Larry King Live (1985), Dustin Hoffman claimed that he was originally offered the role of Itzhak Stern by Steven Spielberg, and accepted it, but was quoted in the media as declining the part, due to a mix-up in communication between his agent and Spielberg. However, he praised Sir Ben Kingsley's performance of Itzhak Stern as "a marvelous job".

As of 2021, features Liam Neeson's only Oscar nominated performance.

As of 2018, the only film which won Best Picture at the Academy Awards and featured an Oscar winning score by John Williams.

This film's epilogue states: "There are fewer than four thousand Jews left alive in Poland today. There are more than six thousand descendants of the Schindler Jews." This film's closing memorial/dedication states: "In memory of the more than six million Jews murdered."

Claire Danes was originally considered by Steven Spielberg for a role, but she turned it down because he couldn't provide her with tutoring on the set. The part for which she was considered is unknown.

Steven Spielberg left the editing on Jurassic Park (1993) for two weeks so he could start shooting this film in Poland.

Juliette Binoche was offered a role, which she has described in interviews as a woman who was to be raped and then murdered, but she turned it down. She had already turned Steven Spielberg down once that same year, passing on the role of Ellie Sattler in Jurassic Park (1993) to make Three Colors: Blue (1993).

Steven Spielberg watched Good Evening, Mr. Wallenberg (1990) six times before the shooting.

The first collaboration between Steven Spielberg and cinematographer Janusz Kaminski.

In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked Schindler's List 8th on its list of the 100 best American films of all time. The film was designated as "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress in 2004 and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.

AFI's 100 Heroes and Villains; Oskar Schindler - #13 hero; Amon Göth - #15 villain

Polanski, who turned down the chance to direct the film, later commented, "I certainly wouldn't have done as good a job as Spielberg because I couldn't have been as objective as he was."

When we see the Jews marching across the bridge into the ghetto, this is not the direction they would have walked in real life. There was a large modern radio tower in direct view when walking in the correct historical direction across the bridge into the Krakow ghetto.

Selected by the Vatican in the "values" category of its list of forty-five "great films". It is the only R-rated movie on the list.

Fiennes was cast as Amon Göth after Spielberg viewed his performances in A Dangerous Man: Lawrence After Arabia and Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights. Spielberg said of Fiennes' audition that "I saw sexual evil. It is all about subtlety: there were moments of kindness that would move across his eyes and then instantly run cold."

At the 66th Academy Awards, this film and Jurassic Park (1993), both directed by Steven Spielberg, competed for the Best Sound category. Jurassic Park (1993) won.

During the list scene, there was an exchange between Itzhak Stern and Oskar Schindler. Stern--"How many cigarettes do you smoke?" Schindler--"Too many". This was taken directly from a real-life exchange between Edward the Duke of Windsor and his physician (Edward was asked the exact question) weeks before his death in 1972.

As of 2018, the only film produced and directed by Steven Spielberg to win Best Picture at the Academy Awards.

Stellan Skarsgård was considered for the role of Oskar Schindler. The role went to Liam Neeson. Neeson was originally set to play Father Frank Merrin in Exorcist: The Beginning (2004), but dropped out and was replaced by Skarsgård.

Williams won an Academy Award for Best Original Score for Schindler's List, his fifth win.

In June 2008, this film was ranked #3 on the American Film Institute's list of the 10 greatest films in the genre "Epic".

Director Steven Spielberg often watched episodes of Seinfeld (1989) during the shooting to relieve some of the stress of the material. Ironically, this film became a part of Seinfeld later on: episode Seinfeld: The Raincoats (1994) features a storyline where Jerry can't have sex with his girlfriend because of his parents' overlong stay at his house, so he makes out with her at a movie theater. However, the theater is showing "Schindler's List", and Newman rats him out to his Jewish parents. Incidentally, Elina Löwensohn who plays Diana Reiter in Schindler's List, also appeared in Seinfeld.

This was Steven Spielberg's first film to be shot primarily with Arriflex cameras.

Spielberg used proceeds from the film to finance several related documentaries, including Anne Frank Remembered (1995), The Lost Children of Berlin (1996), and The Last Days (1998).

After this film, Steven Spielberg didn't direct for another four years, the longest gap in his career. His next directorial effort was The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997).

Liam Neeson said he got the role because he hugged Kate Capshaw's mother while he was naked. Nelson auditioned for the role of war hero Oscar Schindler in the film, but he felt the session had gone so badly that he didn't even wait for a call back and signed on for a Broadway play opposite Natasha Richardson, who would become his wife. Wild reviews for his performance drew Steven Spielberg, his then wife Kate Capshaw, and her mother to the theatre to see it. Neeson said, "They came backstage and there was a knock on the door and I was practically naked and it was Steven and Kate and Kate's mum, and Kate's mother was quite tearful and emotional, and, as naked as I was, I went over and gave her a big hug. About a week after that Steven called me and he said, 'Do you want to be Oscar Schindler?' Kate apparently said to Steven on the way home that when I hugged her mum that's just what Oscar Schindler would have done."

Details about Thomas Keneally's book "Schindler's Ark", on which this film was based, is mentioned in the documentary Adolf Hitler: The Greatest Story Never Told (2013).

Liam Neeson was nominated for Best Actor for this film, but lost out to Tom Hanks for Philadelphia (1993), whose role was originally offered to Daniel Day-Lewis, also nominated that year for In the Name of the Father (1993). Neeson was set to work with Spielberg again on Lincoln (2012), but dropped out and was replaced by Day-Lewis who, like Ben Kingsley, had appeared in Gandhi (1982). Day-Lewis ended up winning Best Actor for playing Lincoln, who was distantly related to Hanks.

Steven Spielberg was convinced that the film would lose every cent of its $22 million budget. To his surprise, it went on to gross over $320 million worldwide.

While the Nazis are moving confiscated luggage, one of the bags is labelled "Sonnenschein". Ralph Fiennes (Amon Göth) appeared in the Holocaust movie Sunshine (1999) as Ignatz Sonnenschein.

Warren Beatty and Mel Gibson were considered for the role of Oskar Schindler.

Despite both being Nazis, the moral divide between Schindler and Goeth is literally represented by the shadow that divides the frame.

It is well known to historians that the second World War began with Germany's invasion of Poland, and that Germany's excuse was that they were protecting ethnic Germans living in Poland. To convince the public of this story, they claimed that Polish soldiers had attacked a German radio station. These so-called Polish soldiers were actually political prisoners who had been executed and then dressed in Polish military uniforms with appropriate identification. Oskar Schindler actually provided the uniforms and forged papers, and as his reward, was allowed to do business in occupied Poland.

Amon Göth (Ralph Fiennes) quotes William Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" to Helen Hirsch, saying, "Hath not a Jew eyes?" Fiennes' brother, Joseph, appeared in the movie The Merchant of Venice (2004).

Included among the "1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die", edited by Steven Schneider.

Hans-Michael Rehberg plays Rudolf Hoess. This is the only film featuring that character in which he is not portrayed by Günther Maria Halmer, and also the only film with that character in which the other characters are not mainly fictional. Halmer played the role in Sophie's Choice (1982) and War and Remembrance (1988). He also appeared in Gandhi (1982) with Ben Kingsley.

On Roger Ebert's list of great movies.

Auschwitz Commandant Rudolph Hoess, who appears as a character in this film, was previously played by Gunter Maria Halmer in two unrelated productions: Sophie's Choice and War and Remembrance. The latter film was also produced by Branko Lustig. Halmer and Ben Kingsley appeared together in Gandhi.

Amon Goeth at one points asks Schindler, "who are you, Moses?" Ralph Fiennes would later lend his voice to The Prince of Egypt (1998), in which he played the Pharaoh who lets Moses go. Ben Kingsley went on to play the title character in Moses (1995).

Steven Spielberg directs Sir Ben Kingsley, the star of Gandhi (1982), to which he had lost the Best Picture and Best Director Oscars eleven years before. His previous movie, Jurassic Park (1993), featured Sir Richard Attenborough, to whom he had lost them. For this film, Spielberg finally won both.

Filmmaker Michael Haneke criticized the sequence in which Schindler's women are accidentally sent off to Auschwitz and herded into showers: "There's a scene in that film when we don't know if there's gas or water coming out in the showers in the camp. You can only do something like that with a naive audience like in the United States. It's not an appropriate use of the form. Spielberg meant well - but it was dumb."

As part of its 20th anniversary, the movie was released on Blu-ray Disc on March 5, 2013. A digitally remastered version of the film was released into theaters on December 7, 2018 for its 25th anniversary, grossing $551,000 in 1,029 theaters.The film was released on 4K UHD Blu-Ray on December 18, 2018.

Like several other actors has worked with, Ben Kingsley was cast after Spielberg saw him in Gandhi (1982). That film also featured John Gielgud, Bernard Hill, and Daniel Day-Lewis. Liam Neeson was cast because Spielberg saw him in Shining Through (1992), which also featured Gielgud. Neeson had also previously appeared in The Bounty (1984) with Hill and Day-Lewis.

Director Steven Spielberg considers this movie to be the crowning achievement of his career.

Branko Lustig previously produced War and Remembrance (1988), which also featured Rudolph Hoess as a character.

Released on November 30, the same day as Gandhi was released 11 years earlier, which also starred Ben Kingsley. Spielberg's previous 1993 film, Jurassic Park, was released on June 11, just like E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial.

Only Hollywood film to date (2017) to be filmed by Polish cinematographer Janusz Kaminski on-location in his homeland of Poland.

The set decorator on this film, who shared the Best Art Direction Academy Award with Allan Starski, is named Ewa Braun. Eva Braun was also the name of Adolf Hitler's mistress. Billy Crystal later said that he regretted not being the host of the Oscars that year because he heard the name on television and wanted to call host Whoopi Goldberg right away and point out the odd coincidence.

Polish actor Andrzej Seweryn was seriously considered to play Oscar Schindler. He flew to Los Angeles and met with Steven Spielberg and Branko Lustig. Casting wasn't perfect because he was too nervous but Spielberg was satisfied. Seweryn came back to Poland almost sure he will get the part but than found out that Liam Neeson will play Schindler. According to Seweryn, Neesons agents were more convincing. Seweryn played smaller role of German officer.

The film explores the theme of good versus evil, using as its main protagonist a "good German", a popular characterization in American cinema. While Göth is characterized as an almost completely dark and evil person, Schindler gradually evolves from Nazi supporter to rescuer and hero.

One of two films where Ralph Fiennes and Liam Neeson's characters pretend to be allies of each other while making separate schemes for themselves. Here, Neeson's character wants to save people from death, while in Clash of the Titans (2010), Fiennes character wants to destroy people.

Steven Spielberg's first film with Janusz Kaminski serving as cinematographer. Kaminski has photographed all of Spielberg's subsequent films.

The song "Yerushalayim Shel Zahav" ("Jerusalem of Gold") is featured in the film's soundtrack and plays near the end of the film. This caused some controversy in Israel, as the song (which was written in 1967 by Naomi Shemer) is widely considered an informal anthem of the Israeli victory in the Six-Day War. In Israeli prints of the film the song was replaced with "Halikha LeKesariya" ("A Walk to Caesarea") by Hannah Szenes, a World War II resistance fighter.

Included among the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the Top 100 (as #9) Greatest American Movies.

In 1964, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer announced that it was making an Oskar Schindler biopic, to be written by Howard Koch. It was intended for Delbert Mann to direct.

The Los Angeles Film Critics Association awarded the film for Best Film, Best Cinematography (tied with The Piano), and Best Production Design. The film also won numerous other awards and nominations worldwide.

Maja Ostaszewska's debut.

Julian Scherner, shown as the SS and Police leader of Krakow, was a Brigadier (Oberfüher) in the General (Allgemeine) SS whose career was marked with corruption and other criminal activities. He was repeatedly passed over for promotion to SS-Major General (Brigadefüher) and by the time of his tenure in Krakow in 1942, he had been an Oberfüher for nearly six years which was highly unusual for someone in his position. He was later charged with embezzlement and corruption and transferred into the reserves of the Waffen-SS as a Captain (this was not technically a demotion, since the Waffen-SS had a standard practice to give separate and lower combat ranks to General-SS members). He was killed in the last days of the war in April 1945.

Schindler is seen meeting Poldek Pfefferberg while looking for a man to find black market goods. In fact, the two men were introduced by Pfefferberg's mother, who had decorated Schindler's apartment in Krakow. Pfefferberg later got in touch with Steven Spielberg by contacting Spielberg's mother, and tried to convince him to make the film in 1982, shortly after the book was published.

During a 2018 interview with Lester Holt on NBC Nightly News, Holt asked Steven Spielberg to explain the symbolism of the girl in the red coat. Spielberg's reply was, "Well you know in the book Oskar Schindler--and through all the interviews of all the people that have survived, that Thomas Keneally interviewed before he wrote his book, Schindler couldn't get over the fact that a little girl was walking during the during the liquidation of the Krakow ghetto and everyone was being put on trucks or shot in the street, and one little girl in a red red coat was being ignored by the SS. The SS were taking everybody but somehow they were ignoring this six year old child walking down the street wearing the brightest color and yet she wasn't being seen. And to me that meant that the people-- you know Roosevelt and Eisenhower and probably Stalin and Churchill knew about the Holocaust -it was a it was a well-kept secret -and did nothing to stop it. It was almost as if the Holocaust itself was wearing red and yet we did nothing to bomb the . . . German rail lines, we did nothing to bomb the crematoria, where there would be many casualties but would slow down the industrialized process of murder for perhaps as long as three to six months. Would have saved hundreds of thousands of lives and we did nothing about it. And for me it was like a glaring red flag that anybody if they were really watching could have seen. . . . It caught [Schindler's] attention, that's the other reason that was very important . . . because he'd looked at that and it changed something in him that moment in his life changed him."

This film is in the Official Top 250 Narrative Feature Films on Letterboxd.

Maria Peszek's debut.

Kyle MacLachlan was considered for Oskar Schindler.

Now Playing Podcast reviewed Schindler's List. This film received three "recommends".

Branko Lustig: Nightclub maître d'hotel in Oskar Schindler's first scene. Lustig is one of this movie's producers and a Holocaust survivor (upon receiving his Oscar, he recited his serial number, A3317).

Steven Spielberg: A liberated Schindler Jew among the hundreds crossing a field near the end of the film.

Steven Spielberg: [father] Oskar tells his wife he can't commit to a family.

The Krakow ghetto "liquidation" scene was only a page in the script, but Steven Spielberg turned it into twenty pages and twenty minutes of screentime "based on living witness testimony". For example, the scene in which Leopold Pfefferberg escapes capture by German soldiers by telling them he was ordered to clear the luggage from the street and saluting them was taken directly from his own account.

Some controversy remains among critics and filmmakers concerning the portrayal of Amon Goeth (Ralph Fiennes). Some said that he is too stereotypically presented as the evil psychopathic Nazi, yet others claim that the performance didn't go far enough as compared to his real-life counterpart. Holocaust survivors have testified that apart from ordering executions, Goeth himself randomly shot and tortured dozens of people on a daily basis, and even had prisoners torn up by his two dogs. He would also hang victims all around the camp, to the point where there was literally no place you could look without seeing a corpse on display. Most disturbingly, Goeth was rumored to have used babies for target practice. Reportedly, Steven Spielberg saw no need in depicting all these atrocities to show Goeth's evil character.

The girl in the red coat was a real girl named Roma Ligocka, and she was Roman Polanski's cousin. Unlike her film counterpart, she survived the war, and wrote a memoir titled "The Girl in the Red Coat: A Memoir".

During the Jewish ghetto liquidation scene, a Jewish boy being dragged by two S.S. soldiers is shot and killed by a third S.S. man as the other soldiers walk towards him. What follows is a heated exchange between the two S.S. soldiers. In the subtitles of the DVD version, it is possible to see exactly what is being said in the original German. The text translates as: "Just what did you think you were shooting at, are you crazy? With this rifle you could have shot me! You came that close to shooting me!" The second soldier then says something that includes "Entschuldigung", which is "excuse me" in German. The NCO then responds with, "What do we call excuses here? You are certainly crazy!" Thus, the translation sheds light that the S.S. soldier was not concerned that the Jewish boy had just been murdered, but rather that he was in the line of fire.

According to Czech filmmaker Juraj Herz, the scene where a group of women confuse a shower for a gas chamber was taken direct from his own Zastihla me noc (1986) shot for shot. Herz wanted to sue, but he couldn't come up with the money to fund it.

Schindler has to rescue Stern from a train bound for a death camp, foreshadowing his eventual rescue of all of his workers.